"Lyon Memorial: Families of Connecticut and New Jersey, Volume II" (Lyon), Lyon, Sidney Elizabeth, Louise Lyon Johnson, Detroit, 1907
SOME OLD WORLD LYONS …
The history of a family, especially of the Lyon family, … in its mysterious reality, has the fascination of fiction. …
Godfrey Louvein or L"wen, Duke of Brabant, was doubtless the head of the Leonne family of Leon, or Lyons in Normandy. His daughter, Adelecia, the Fair Maid of Brabant, after the young Prince William was lost in the wreck of the ‘Blanche Nef’ 1120, was married to the widowed Henry I, in the hope of another direct heir to the English Crown. This alliance gave rise to the use of the lion in the royal arms. The Castle of Lyons near Rouen was a residence which the Anglo-Norman monarch took much delight in. It was his deathplace, too. After a hard day’s hunting in the Forest of Lyons, the King ate heartily of his favorite dish, stewed lampreys, and died of ‘surfeit’ seven days later. At the time of the expedition against Harold, the Saxon King of England, 1066, one of the Leonne, an adventurous personage, with his followers, joined the banners of Duke William of Normandy. This de Leonne, the progenitor of the Lyon family of England and Scotland, held a considerable command in the invading army. … The Leonne of the armament, who followed the blood-red flag of the Mora from St. Valleri to Pevensly; who sang the war song of Rollo at Hastings and did much battle, realized his opulent anticipations, for he remained in England, and brought over to patrimonial expectation his son, Sir Roger de Leonne, born in France 1040. Sir Roger de Leonne furthered the fortunes of the family in an adopted country. War was a profitable pastime, and to go to the rescue of King Edgar, the son of Malcolm Canmore, a righteous piece of errantry. So he donned his harness and rode with Atheling into Scotland to depose Donald Bain. For this good and faithful service, in 1091 he obtained from King Edgar certain lands in Perthshire, to which he gave the name of Glen Lyon–the Glen Lyon of today, extending from Fortingal about twenty-four miles, a vast cul-de-sac, flanked by steep lofty mountains traversed from end to end by the river Lyon, rushing down in torrents and cataracts from Loch Lyon. … Sir Roger de Leonne stood by his Scottish possessions, and retained the friendship of the Scottish Monarch, for he was witness in a charter of King Edgar to the monastery of Dumfermline, dated 1105. His son. Sir Paganus de Leonne or Leonibus, was born in England about 1080. For his soul’s health, and the highest christian duty, this Norman Englishman accompanied Geoffrey Plantagenet, Duke of Anjou to the Holy Land. On his return from the Crusade, he settled in England, where he did some fighting for Henry I. in the family difficulty with Duke Robert of Normandy. and in the campaign against the Welsh. He claimed lineage from the ancient Kings of Leone as 23rd in descent from King Ataulphus, the Visgoth, successor of Alaric, who took and sacked Rome in 409–Ataulphus, who married Placida, sister of Honorlus, Emperor of the East, the son of the great Theodorius.
His son, Hugo de Leonibus, born about 1120, was seized of lands in the county of Norfolk, England, in the time of Henry II., and he was defendant in a plea of lands in the time of Richard Coeur de Lion, 1149. Ernald de Leonibus, born in Norfolk, about 1150, son of Hugo de Leonibus, claimed against Robert Briston, William de Grancut and Walter de Grancut, one third part in certain lands in Kettleston in the county of Norfolk in the time of King John I. 1199. … The heir of Ernald de Leonibus, was John de Leonibus, alias Lyon, born about 1175, the first instance of our name being orthographically simplified as it has come down to us. He had two sons. Pagan de Leonibus, alias Leon, born in Norfolk about 1200, and Walter de Leonibus, born about 1205. … Pagan de Leonibus, of Norfolk, England, married Ivette de Ferres, daughter and heiress of William de Ferres of Cambridge. His two sons were Sir John de Lyouns, Knight, born in Norfolk about 1225, and Thomas Lyouns, who was of Woodward in Essex in the time of Edward I. Sir John de Lyouns, first son of Pagan de Leonibus, was summoned to perform military service against the Scots 1294, when Edward subdued Scotland and imprisoned King John Baliol. He married Marjory, daughter and co-heir of Simon de Ackle of Ackle in the county of Northampton, and died 1316 in the reign of Edward II. Some of his descendants received the estate of Simon de Ackle, for in 1638 from Northamptonshire came John Lyne and Henry Lyne, his son, to America, and they were among the founders of New Haven. The sons of Sir John de Lyouns were John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, born in Norfolk, England about 1250, and Sir Adam Lyon, Knight, born about 1255, and died without issue. … John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, first son of Sir John de Lyons of Norfolk, England, had three sons (See Welles ‘American Family Antiquity.’): 1. Sir Adam Lyon, Knight, born in Norfolk about 1285, who had two sons, Sir John Lyon, Knight, born about 1320, and Adam de Lyon, born about 1325. 2. Richard Lyon, born in Norfolk about 1287, who had three daughters, co-heirs, Isabella, born 1336, Cecilia born 1338 and Christina born 1345. 3. Sir John de Lyon, Knight, born in Norfolk, England, about 1290, who had a son, Sir John Lyon, who became the head of the Lyon family of Scotland. … in 1372, … John Lyon, a grandson of John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, was son-in-law and Secretary of King Robert II, the first Stewart, and the founder of that dynasty. ‘He was a young man of very good parts and qualities, a very graceful and comely person, and a great favorite with the King.’ Lyon King-at-Arms. who was a conspicuous figure at the coronation, 1371, must have been this John Lyon, pattern of superior excellences. When this dignity was constituted is lost from Court Annals. That the heraldic office was instituted as a preferment for a favorite courtier is more probable than that it took its name Lyon rex armorum, from the lion on the royal shield. The Princess Jean, youngest daughter of Robert II. fell in love with the handsome, successful John Lyon, and in 1379, he received her hand in marriage. … She was a daughter by the first wife of Robert High Stewart of Scotland, Elizabeth daughter of Sir Adam More of Powallen. … John Lyon, by his marriage with the lady Jean Stewart, was brought into the reigning family. Wise in world-craft, he had nicely dominated the King whom Froissart represents as "not valiant, with red, bleared eyes, who would rather lie still than ride, for by a charter dated March 13th, 1372, he received the lands and Thanedom of Glamis, a charter which says: ‘pro laudabili et fideli servitio continuis laborius.’ … Glamis Castle, until it passed to John Lyon (on his marriage to the Princess Jean) had been a royal residence for a line of Kings that date back to Kenneth I. 850, A. D. This hoary pile, historically famous, stands in the fertile vale of Strathmore, in Forfarshire, not far from Dundee, with the Sedlaw Hills to the South, and the lofty Grampians to the North. The glamour of feudal times is all round about it, from its base to the summit of its towers that rise a hundred and fifteen feet above the ground, and the great dead dwell there in invisible life through the remembrance of their deeds. It is claimed that the huge blocks of red sandstone of the earliest portion of the structure have been standing since 1016, the eleventh year of the reign of Malcolm II., father-in-law of Sinel, Thane of Glamis. … Within the storied walls King Duncan was done to death by his ambitious cousin-german, Macbeth. It was the death-place of Malcolm II. from the wounds treacherously given by Kenneth V. an event of blood made authentic by the early chroniclers. … Besides the lands and Thanedom of Glamis, the King bestowed upon his son-in-law, John Lyon, the Loch of Forfar, and the land of Kinghorn, and through his marriage came the right to carry the double tressure fleuried and counter-fleuried in the bearing of the family (Arms. Arg. A lion rampant az. armed and langued; with double tressure–flowered and counter-flowered gu. Crest. A lady holding in her right hand the Royal Thistle enclosed in a circle of laurel (an allusion to the alliance with the daughter of the King.) Motto. In te Domine Speravi.). He rose to be High Lord Chamberlain of Scotland and Ambassador to England. This increasing power excited the envy of Sir James Lindsay, and he fell in a duel provoked by this Judas friend at the Moor of Balhall in 1383. He and his royal consort were interred at Scone, the coronation place of the Kings of Scotland, destroyed during the Reformation. There still exists an indenture, dated 1433, between his son, John Lyon, Knight of Glamys, and the Abbot of Scone, confirming a grant of forty shillings annually made by his late father for masses for the repose of the souls of Sir John Lyon and Lady Jean, his spouse. Sir John Lyon, Knight of Glamys, who fifty years after the death of his father still continued the pious custom of paying for masses for the souls of his illustrious parents, married the Lady Elizabeth Graham, daughter of Patrick, Earl of Strathern, by Euphemia, Countess Palatine of Strathern, a granddaughter of Robert II. … Sir John Lyon, Knight of Glamys, was succeeded by his son, Sir Patrick Lyon. (Burke’s Peerage) He, too, saw turmoil and tragedy. On March 28th, 1424, he was delivered up to the English as one of the hostages for the ransom of James I. and not released till June, 1427. … Patrick Lyon had sustaining ambitions, for this feudal chief was made a peer of Parliament as Lord Glamis in 1445, the eighth year of the reign of James II. and was appointed Master of the King’s household in 1452. He married Isabel, daughter of Alexander Ogilvy, and had three sons and a daughter,–Alexander, 2nd Lord Glamis, John, 3rd Lord, William Lyon, Master of the Lyons of Easter Ogil of County Forfar, and Elizabeth, who married Alexander Robertson. Patrick Lyon first Lord Glamis, grandson of Sir John Lyon and the Princess Jean, died 1459. His eldest son, Alexander Lyon, had died without issue, and the Barony devolved upon the second son, John Lyon, 3rd Lord Glamis, who was Privy Councillor to James IV, and Justice General of Scotland. He married Elizabeth daughter of Sir John Scrimguor of Dunlope, Constable of Dundee, and died 1494, and was succeeded by his son John Lyon, fourth Lord Glamis, who was succeeded twelve years later by his eldest son by Emily, daughter of Lord Gray, George Lyon, fifth Lord Glamis. He died unmarried, and the title passed to his brother John Lyon, sixth Lord Glamis. … John Lyon … married Janet Douglas, a woman of rare beauty, daughter of George, Master of Angus, and granddaughter of the great Earl of Angus (Bell-the-Cat), and had a son, John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis. … 1528, the year of the death of John Lyon, sixth Lord Glamis. His widow, the beautiful Janet Douglas, took as her second husband, Archibald Campbell of Kepneith. Another Campbell fell in love with his kinsman’s fair wife, and to revenge a repulse, gave information to the authorities that she and her husband, her young son John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, John Lyon a relative, and an old priest were conspiring against the life of the King by poison and witchcraft. They were tried for high treason and condemned on the evidence of a perjurer, and sentenced to be burned at the stake. Campbell attempted to escape, but was dashed to pieces on the rocks below the window of his prison. But Lady Glamis died publicly by fire on the Castle Hill of Edinburgh, July 12th, 1537. Owing to his tender years, John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, was spared the horrible fate of his unfortunate mother, notwithstanding he had been convicted of treason, July 10th, 1537, of being ‘art and part of concealing and not revealing of the conspiring and imagination in the destruction of King James V. by poison, imagined and conspired by Janet, Lady Glamis, his mother, to which he consented and was art and part with her.’ He was returned to prison, and the sentence suspended till he should come of age. The accuser of Glamis and his mother, on his death-bed, a prey to remorse (some authorities say ‘one Lyon’) avowed his crime of swearing away the life of Lady Glamis and her son. The young Lord Glamis was given his freedom, and being a minor was placed under the care of his uncle Alexander Lyon. His estates were forfeited to the Crown by an act of Parliament, December 3rd, 1540. In January, 1542-3, he instituted a summons of redemption of forfeiture and was rescinded. The following March he was restored to his estates and honors by Parliament. … he had charters for various lands in Aberdeenshire in 1543-4, and of the Barony of Kinghorne forfeited by James Kirkaldy of Grange 1548. His death occurred in 1558, twenty-one years after the terrible death of his innocent mother. John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, married Janet Keith, sister of William, fourth Earl of Marishal, and had two sons. John Lyon, eighth Lord Glamis, and Hon. Sir Thomas Lyon, known to fame as the Master of Glamis. … In a charter dated April 23rd, 1567, John Lyon, eighth Lord Glamis, made an entail of his estates of Glamis, Towndyce and Baky in Forfarshire, Cullan, Buttergask, Langforyard and Irchture in Perthshire, Bethelvic, Ardendracht, Collistown, Coustertown and Drumgowan in Aberdeenshire, on himself and the male heirs of his body, Thomas Lyon, his brother, John Lyon of Haltown of Esse, James Lyon of Easter Ogill, John Lyon of Culwalogy, and the heirs of their bodies, respectively, which failing, to his own nearest heirs male whatsoever bearing the name and Arms of Lyon. This charter gives the headship of five prominent branches of the Lyon family of Scotland in 1567, John Lyon, eighth Lord Glamis; Thomas Lyon, Master of Glamis; John Lyon of Haltown of Esse; James Lyon of Easter Ogill, and John Lyon of Culwalogy, all lineal descendants of the Feudal Baron John de Lyon of Fortevoit. The eighth Lord Glamis had a charter of the Barony of Balky to himself and his wife, Elizabeth Abernathy, daughter of Lord Salton, dated 2nd July, 1569, the sixth month of Moray’s Regency. … He was sworn a Privy Councillor and constituted an Extraordinary Lord of the session, 30th September, 1570, held it till 24th October, 1573, and in 1575 was promoted to the office of High Chancellor of Scotland. … In March, 1578, John Lyon, Lord of Glamis, was deputed to signify to the Earl of Morton, Regent of Scotland, that the King had now resolved to take the administration of the national affairs in his own hands. The 27th day of the same month the eighth Lord Glamis was killed at Sterling in an accidental encounter between his own followers and those of the Earl of Crawford. He was counted one of the ablest men of his own party, and Douglas took pride in mentioning that John Lyon had a correapondence with Beza, the French reformer and Calvanistic theologian, on the subject of church polity and the doctrines of the Prophet of Geneva. He had one son. Patrick Lyon, ninth Lord Glamis and two daughters, the Hon. Jean Lyon, who married; 1st Robert Douglas, the younger of Lochleven; 2nd 1586 Archibald, eighth Lord of Angus, and 3rd Alexander, Lord Spynie, and the Hon. Elizabeth Lyon who married Patrick, seventh Earl Gray.
The Hon. Thomas Lyon, designated Master of Glamis as presumptive heir to the title, increased his estates in the short tenure of the death shadowed Regents. Lenox, Mar, and Morton. He had charters to "Thomas Lyon, brother of John, Lord Glamis" of Seragesfield, 18th September, 1571; of the Dominical lands of Balumbu, also the lands of Gogar, and Grugar in the counties of Edinburgh and Air, to "Thomas Lyon of Balkouky. Master of Glamis and Agnes Gray, Lady Horne, his wife, 20th June, 1579, of the Barony of Melgownd." etc., in Forfarshire, to them 6th May, 1586. … The tutelage of the Protestant nobles was disagreeable and irritating to the royal youth, and at length he escaped from Falkland to St. Andrews. The Raid of Ruthvan was declared high treason. The Earl of Gowrie was taken and executed for his political crime. But the Master of Glamis fled to England to review the situation and readjust his plans. In May of the same year, Thomas Lyon returned to Scotland, and with the Earls of Angus and Mar, seized Sterling Castle and assumed the Government. But they were presently obliged to fly across the border. The following year the Master of Glamis and the other banished nobles came north, bringing a great force with them. They invaded the Palace and compelled Stewart, Earl of Arran, to quit the royal presence. This high-handed disloyalty was graciously forgiven, and they were restored to favor. Thomas Lyon received the prodigal’s ring and embrace in being appointed Captain of the King’s Guards in the place of Arran, and was made high treasurer of Scotland. He was also constituted an extraordinary Lord of the Session, held the position for six years, then was re-appointed and sat till May 28th, 1593. … Thomas Lyon received a charter of Tullock and Crawquby in Forfarshire, August 19th, 1587, ‘to Thomas Lyon of Baldoukie, His Majesty’s treasurer, Master of Glamis, of Corstown, and of the Barony of Dod in Forfarshire, to him and Eufamia Douglas, his wife, November 7th, 1589,’ adding substantially to his estate. … To Danish Anna fell the honor of being the royal bride. … on the 17th of May, 1590. … Here, as at the coronation of Robert II., Lion-King-at-Arms was a striking feature of an historical pageant. … Thomas Lyon, Master of Glamis, was Knighted while the coronation rejoicing was in progress. On May 27th, 1590, the Scottish statesman and soldier knelt before the royal pair and was dubbed Sir Knight. He was still among the King’s advisers and held the important office of high treasurer of Scotland till 1595. After 1571 he had married Agnes Gray, Lady Howe, third daughter of the fifth Lord Howe, widow of Sir Robert Logan, and of Alexander, fifth Lord Howe; and for a second wife, he married Lady Eufamia Douglas. There was another charter granted to him April 6th, 1594, ‘to Thomas Lyon of Auldbar, Knight, and Euphemia Douglas his wife.’ From the return of the banished Lords in 1585, he had remained in favor with the King, faithful to the best interests of his sovereign, and when death ended his eventful life James VI. of Scotland and I. of England said: ‘The boldest and hardest man of my dominion is dead.’ But two of his children are on record, a daughter, Mary Lyon, who married Robert Semphell of Bellars, and a son, John Lyon, who, August 6th, 1608, served as heir to his father, Sir Thomas Lyon, Knight, in the Barony of Melgund lands of Auldbar, etc., etc. But he may have had other sons forgotten by an absentee King and omitted in the family annals. John Lyon of Auldbar married a daughter of George Gladstone, Archbishop of St. Andrews. He must have died before 1617 without issue, or lost favor through some political blunder and forfeited his estates, involving all other descendants of Sir Thomas Lyon, Knight. At any rate, Anne Murray, Countess of Kinghorne, and her son, John Lyon, second Earl of Kinghorne, August 8th, 1617, had a charter to the Barony of Auldbar in Forfarshire. The lands of Auldbar had been given by Earl Patrick to his second son, Hon. James Lyon, who died without issue, and this estate reverted to the family. The next Lyon of Auldbar, after a lapse of three generations, was John Lyon, Esq., of Brachin in North Britain, great grandson of the famous Master of Glamis, Sir Thomas Lyon.
Patrick, ninth Lord Glamis, being a minor at the time of the death of his father, John Lyon, eighth Lord, in 1578, was placed under the tuition of his uncle, Sir Thomas Lyon, who was afterward (1585) high treasurer of Scotland. He served as heir in general of his grandfather, John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, January 29th, 1600. Through his rank he received a remission under the great seal, dated 15th of September, 1601, of penalty for a transgression of violence to him and his five servants, for the slaughter of Patrick Johnstown in Haltown of Belhelote, slain on the 6th of September, accidental homicide, justifiable homicide and incidental homicide, misfortunate matters too common with the nobility and the gentry not to be easily pardoned. In 1604, Lord Patrick Lyon was sworn a privy councillor of James VI, and chosen by Parliament as one of the Commissioners to treat of the Union with England. Favors continued to be heaped upon him. He had charters of Ardwork in Forfarshire 8th of August, 1605, of Kingseat in Aberdeenshire 17th June, 1606, and by a patent dated 10th July, 1606, was raised to the dignity of Earl of Kinghorne, Lord Lyon and Glamis. He and his wife, Anne Murray, and their second son, James Lyon, had charter of Wester Drynic in Forfarshire, 20th May, 1608, of the Isle of Inch Keith and right to the patronage of Kinghorne, 10th June, 1609, of the Barony of Farnadic the following year and of the dominical lands of Hurley in 1613. His death occurred December 19th, 1615, and he was succeeded by his eldest son, John Lyon, second Earl of Kinghorne. He had also a daughter, Anne, who married the Earl of Errol, and a third son, Hon. Fredrick Lyon, who got from his father the lands of Brighton and was the ancestor of the Lyons of Brighton. John Lyon, tenth Lord Glamis and second Earl of Kinghorne, was a minor when he came into his lands and titles. In 1603, at the succession of King James VI., Scotland had become a part of England, the home of the elder branch of the Lyon family.
Sir Adam Lyon, first son of John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, the descendant of the Norman de Leonne who fought at Hastings with the Conqueror, was of Norfolk, England, at the time his brother John de Lyon, married the Princess Jean, daughter of Robert High Stewart of Scotland.(Welles "American Family Antiquity.") Sir Adam Lyon, Knight, had two sons,–Sir John Lyon born about 1320, who was Knighted by Edward III. and Adam de Lyon born about 1325. Sir John Lyon, Knight of Norfolk, had three sons,–Sir Richard Lyon born about 1350, and Sir John Lyon born about 1353, both Knighted by Edward IV. and Henry Lyon born about 1355. Henry Lyon of Rystippe, Middlesex, born in Norfolk about 1355, great grandson of John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, had a son, John Lyon, born at Rystippe about 1380. He was with the army of Henry V. that invaded Normandy, and was at Agincourt, amid the splendid pageantry of a war that made England heir to the Crown of France, and was present at the famous battle. He had a son, Henry Lyon, born at Rystippe about 1410, the second of a name which became a heritage among the Lyons. John was a favorite prenomen with the English as well as the Scotch Lyons. Thomas and William were also baptismal names repeated from generation to generation. The name of Adam came in use in 1225, that of Richard 1350 and that of Henry in 1355. Henry Lyon of Rystippe, born about 1410, had four sons all born at Rystippe, Henry born about 1440, John born about 1450, Thomas born about 1455 and William born about 1508, who died without issue. Henry Lyon of Rystippe, Middlesex, England (1410), the third of the name, had two sons,–1st John, born about 1470, and 2nd, William, born about 1475.
John Lyon (1450), second son of Henry of Rystippe, had a son, John Lyon of Preston, Middlesex County, born 1500, who was the founder of the famous English school of Harrow-on-the-Hill, ten miles from London. This philanthropic yeoman of Preston yearly set aside the sum of twenty marks for the education of the poor children of Harrow. The school of Harrow was founded 1571. Queen Elizabeth granted the charter. But the statutes were drawn up by the founder in 1590. However, the first building was not completed till 1611. At his death, October 3rd, 1692, he settled two-thirds of his property on the school, and left the other third for the maintenance of a highroad between Harrow and London. John Lyon and his widow, Jean Lyon, who died August 30th, 1608, are buried at Harrow. They had–Mary, born at Preston 1540, buried at Harrow December 13th, 1568, Jean, born at Preston 1545, buried at Harrow, May 13th, 1559, and Zachery, born at Preston 1560, died without issue, and was buried at Harrow, May 11th, 1583. …
Thomas Lyon (1455) of Perefore Middlesex County, third son of Henry Lyon of Rystippe, had two sons. The first of these was Sir John Lyon, born about 1490, who was Knighted by Queen Elizabeth. In 1550 he was made an Alderman of London and High Sheriff and in 1554 was Lord Mayor. By his wife Alicia he had a son, John Lyon, born about 1550 and died without issue 1620. The second son of Thomas Lyon (1455), was Henry Lyon of Roxley in Lincolnshire. By his wife Dorothy, he had two sons, Richard Lyon of West Twyford, Middlesex County, born about 1532, and Henry Lyon of Harrow-on-the-Hill, born about 1550, who died October 16th, 1590. Richard Lyon, of West Twyford 1532, by his first wife Agnes, had a son Henry Lyon of Roxley in Lincolnshire, born about 1655, who married Catherine Rithe, and had issue, also issue by his second wife, Mabilla, daughter of Adam Dornell of Thornhohn, Lincolnshire. By his second wife, Isabella Millet, Richard Lyon of Twyford had three children, John Lyon born about 1560, died without issue, Dorothy Lyon, born 1565, married Humphrey Hyde of Northeste, Berkshire, had issue, and Catherine Lyon, born 1570, married William Gifford of Northeste, Middlesex County, and had issue.
John Lyon of Rystippe, the third, first son of Henry Lyon (1440), was born there 1470. He married Emma Hedde, and had four sons, Henry Lyon, born 1500, Thomas, born 1503, Richard, born 1505, and John, born 1510. It is a singular fact that of the fifteen Lyons who came to the American Colonies between 1638-1683, twelve of them bore the distinctive family names of these sons of John Lyon of Rystippe, the exception being William of Roxbury, and Peter and George Lyon of Dorchester. However, William was a name that begun with the William Lyon who was born at Rystippe 1640 and continued in favor.
John Lyon of Little Stanmer, Middlesex County, first son of John Lyon of Rystippe, was born at Rystippe 1510. His wife, Jean Lyon, died April 5th, 1535, just a hundred years before her great grandson, William Lyon of Heston, landed at Boston September 11th, 1635, a lad of fourteen, who sailed in the ship "Hopewell," with Capt. Babb. No doubt he was under the care of Isaac Heath a fellow passenger, who brought his own family with him, drifting on the westward tide of Puritan emigration from a King-ridden, clergy-ridden country to the Land of Hope. John Lyon of Little Stanmer, and his wife, Jean, had three children, William born 1540, Elizabeth born 1545, died 1606, and Thomas born 1550. Thomas Lyon (1550), had a son William Lyon, born 1575, died 1624. This William Lyon was called the Marquis of his rash threat at the Conference of Hampton Court with the leading Puritan clergy, and the leading bishops, ‘I will make them conform, or I will harry them out of the land,’ he threw down the gage of battle to a militant people, whose army had been gathering from among tradesmen, artisans, yoemen, and nobles since the note of personal freedom was sounded by the divine trumpet of the Reformation two centuries before. In the fatality that attended the fortunes of the Stuarts, he contaminated his son by the bad teaching of his despotic example, and when he came to die, after years of misgovernment, the heritage of his evasions, blunders, and disasters brought the ruin of a madly rash course and a death on the block to his unhappy successor.
The Covenanters were tenacious, the Puritans were heroic. These fanatical religionists were but biding their time, while Charles I. as if fate-driven was destroying the very fabric of the State. Long ago, as far back as 1618, the dragon’s teeth of a religious war had been sown by the adoption of the five articles of Perth, and the fertile North had grown a lusty crop of determined rebellers. The Scots, armed with spear and sword, of religious and political instinct were ripe for a revolution. The Nobles and landed gentry were alienated from the King. The removal of the Court had robbed them of prestige and profit. Those near the royal presence were promoted and flattered, those afar were neglected and despised. Furthermore, his peculiar policy meant ruin for those of his native land. A petition of protest was put into private circulation against thirty-one acts "hurtful to the liberty of the subject," passed by a Parliament where Charles had presided. A copy of this document was found in the possession of Lord Balmoral. He was tried for sedition, received a capital sentence, which was afterward modified to imprisonment. The Scots were astir with a secret resentment which became open revolt when the use of the liturgy at St. Giles Church in Edinburgh and at Greyfriers in Perth occasioned riots. Montrose received a commission from the Tables, a board of representatives chosen by the nobility, country gentry, clergy, and inhabitants of the burghs, to raise troops for the service of the Covenanters, which he proceeded to embody with extraordinary power. Within a month he collected some three thousand foot and horse from Perth, Forfar and Fife, and put them under military discipline. Joined by forces under General Leslie, the rebel army marched upon Aberdeen which the Marquis of Huntley abandoned at their approach. It was ‘upon morn, being Saturday, they came in order of battell, weil armed both on horse and foot, all horsemen having five shots at least with one carabine in his hand, two pistols by his sydes and two others at his saddle toir. The pike men in their ranks, with pike and sword, the musketiers in the
SOME NEW WORLD LYONS.
Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon, Lyons of Glen Lyon in Perthshire, soldiers in Cromwell’s army, were on guard before the Banqueting House at Whitehall on January 30th, 1648, and they witnessed the execution of Charles I. … It is a rational supposition that Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon landed at New Haven. There lived John Lyne of Badby, Northamptonshire, England, … who came from London on the ship "Hector" January 12th, 1638 … And when the Plantation Covenant was signed, June 4th, 1638, John Lyne affixed his signature … Other Lyon emigrants had preceded the three who stood beneath the scaffold at Whitehall … In 1648 came Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon, Lyons of Glen Lyon. … Baird, Mead, and Bolton all agree that the Lyon families from Fairfield were Scots, a belief that has never been questioned by the descendants of Thomas, Richard, and Henry Lyon, the emigrants. … Richard Lyon, emigrant and soldier in Cromwell’s army, from Glen Lyon in Perthshire, Scotland, appeared at Faidfield, Conn., as early as 1648, the year of the regicide. His house and home lot of 2 acres, was recorded Jan., 1653. He was made freeman 1664, the year that his brother Henry returned to Milford. In 1673, the year that his brother Thomas went to Byram River, he received 5 acres of land at Barlow Plains and sixteen and a half acres on the Rocks was granted to him for a building lot, bounded N. W. and N. E. by the highway. Five years later he died, the first of the three brothers to go to another afar New World, a World Celestial, none of the three destined ever to return to their "ain countrie." From the tenor of his will, dated April 12th, 1678, it is surmised that Margaret Lyon was his second wife, and that he had two sets of children, Moses, Richard (a minor), William, and Hester forming one group; and Joseph and Samuel (both minors), forming another. It would appear that he had little faith in the staying qualities of Margaret’s grief, when he discriminated against her by giving her only a widowhood tenure in his estate. She must have been young and comely, and to leave her a fee simple portion was making a wedding gift to her second husband. However, there is no record at Fairfield to disclose that she relinquished her dower to assume another name. To son Moses he gave one-third of the length of the homeward side of his land at Pequonock, one-fifth the length of the long lot on the S. W. side of the lands, his gun, his rapier, his biggest pewter platter, and confirmed lands already given to this son. Richard, when of age, was to have one-third of the Pequonock land, 150 acres of the length of the long lot East of Moses’ part, and other lands; William received one-third of the land at Pequonock, one-fifth of the length of the long lot East of Richard2’s share, other lands, his long gun, back sword and belt. (This is another evidence that in Colonial wills children are not mentioned in sequence of birth). To his wife, Margaret Lyon, Richard gave 60 pounds, his house and home lot, while she remained unmarried, and the use of Joseph’s and Samuel’s land during their minority. Samuel and Joseph were to have the homestead when they came of age and one-fifth of the long lot was to be divided between them. Hester, the eldest daughter, wife of Nathaniel Perry, received 4 pounds, and her husband and her son Joseph Perry, were to have 3 pounds in carting and plowing. Three minor daughters, Betty, Hannah, and Abigail, were to have 4 pounds each when they came of age. A cousin, Mary Fitch, was remembered with a gift of 7 pounds. And each portion of his estate was entailed on the survivors, if any child died. Richard had been at Fairfield twenty-seven years, and was probably born 1623. Moses, son of Richard Lyon, died before 1696. He had a wife Mary … Richard, son of Richard Lyon … William, son of Richard Lyon … Samuel, son of Richard Lyon, of Fairfield and Greenfield Hill, had a wife, Susanna. He had Samuel, James, John and Margaret baptized Mar. 12th, 1704; Abigail, May 12th, 1706; Ephraim, Sept. 27th, 1708; Anne, Aug. 6th, 1710; Jeremiah, April, 1713. Joseph, son of Richard Lyon, had wife Mary, nee Jackson. … Ephraim Lyon, baptized Sept. 27th, 1708, son of Samuel Lyon and grandson of Richard Lyon, had a son Ephraim, born 1737 … (Dr. Woodward, in his Life of General Lyon, states … that he was of Scotch descent.) … During the American Civil War, Sidney S. Lyon, Major of Engineers, the father of the writer, made the acquaintance of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon. Their name called for genealogical exchanges, and kinship was established. Each had the identical tradition, viz: Three brothers Lyons of Glen Lyon in Perthshire, Scotland, at the time of the Civil War in England were soldiers in Cromwell’s army. The day of the execution of Charles I. these three were on guard at the scaffold before the Banqueting House at Whitehall on Jan. 20th, 1648, and witnessed the regicide. Immediately after the execution they fled to the Colonies. One brother settled in Conncticut, one went to New York and the third removed to New Jersey. Dr. Woodward, who some years ago wrote the "Life of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon," must have obtained from a brother or a sister of the dead soldier that the Ashford Lyon family was descended from Scottish ancestry. A belief is entertained that Thomas, Richard and Henry Lyon descended in a direct line from the Master of Glamis. Douglas’s Peerage gives but one son of Sir Thomas Lyon, John Lyon of Auldbar, who served as heir Aug. 6th, 1608, and died without issue. He may have had sons and grandsons of whom no record is preserved, soldiers who were slain in the Civil War or fled into life-time exile beyond the sea. … When John Lyon, eighth Lord Glamis made an entail of his estates of Glamis, Towndyce, and Baky in Forfarshire; Cullen, Buttergask, Longforgard and Inchture in Perthshire; Bellelvic, Ardendracht, Collistown, Coustertown and Drumgowen in Aberdeenshire, besides himself and the male heirs of his body, he gave those eligible through lineage, as Thomas Lyon, his brother; John Lyon of Haltown of Esse; James Lyon of Easter Ogill; John Lyon of Culwalogy, and the male heirs of their bodies respectively, which falling, to his own nearest heirs, male, whatsoever bearing the name and arms of Lyon, by Charter dated 23rd of April, 1567. This was but eighty-one years before Thomas, Richard and Henry Lyon appeared in Connecticut in 1648. They belonged to one of these five families descended from John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Fortevoit, but the name of their Scottish ancestor is lost out of tradition. But such research as has gone into the compilation of the ‘Lyon Memorial’ may disclose the names that will connect the New World Lyons of New England, New York and New Jersey, with the Old World Lyons of England and Scotland.
RICHARD LYON OF FAIRFIELD. [The family history compiled by Mrs. Louise Lyon Johnson, of Minneapolis, Minn., A. B. Lyons, M. D., of Detroit, Mich., and Dr. G. W. A. Lyon, of Philadelphia, Pa.] Richard Lyon settled in Fairfield, Conn., as early as May, 1649, the exact date of his arrival there not being now known. According to family tradition he was the youngest of three brothers, who came to New England probably about 1648 and located first in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The compilers of this family history regard it as very highly probable that Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon were brothers. They do not accept as of historic value the tradition that these brothers came direct from Scotland, although they have no doubt that they were of the same Lyon family of which the Earls of Strathmore are a branch. The question is one of fact, to be settled only by research. The earliest item relating to him is found in the Colonial Records of Connecticut (I. 183) where we read in the proceedings of a "perticular Courte" in Hartford, May 16, 1649 ‘Nehemiah Olmstead Plt contra Richard Lyon defendt in an action of the case, to the damage of 12 pounds.’ The report is certainly tantalizingly brief, and leaves us quite in the dark as to the merits or the outcome of the controversy. Richard Lyon had a house and lot recorded in the Land Records of Fairfield (‘Fayrefeild’) in January, 1653, and was made a freeman there in 1664 (Conn. Colonial Records I. 432) (The names of settlers in ‘Fayrefeild’ accepted to be made free Oct. 18, 1664 were ‘John Bur, Rob. Turny, Joseph Lockwood, Simon Crowch, John Knowles, Rob. Beecham, John Barlow Sr., John Barlow Junr, James Euarts, Peter Cooly, Thomas Sherwood, Wm. Heyden, John Growman, Francis Bradley, John Hoite, Steven Sherwood, Nath: Burr, Rich: Lyon, Mr. Wakeman, Thomas Bennit, Thomas Wilson, James Bean, John Odill, Samll Morehouse, Thomas Morehouse, Mathew Sherwood, Richard Hubbell.’ (Col. Rec. Conn. I. 433)). In 1673 he had recorded five acres of land at Barlow’s Plains, and 181/2 acres ‘on the Rocks.’ He was chosen Commissioner for Fairfield, May 1669 (Conn. Col. Rec. II. 106). It is related that on the occasion of a witchcraft trial ‘the prisoner was sharply rebuked by Richard Lyon, one of the keepers, for bold language.’ From the abusive reply which is recorded one may gather that the rebuke was well deserved. The will of Richard Lyon, dated April 12th, 1678, probated Oct. 17, 1678, is almost the only source of information about his family. It reads:–
‘The Last Will and Testament of Richard Lyon of Fairfield weak in body, but perfect in mind and memory doe make this my last will and testament. Imprimis: I give my body to a comely buryall and my soul unto the hands of God from whom I received it and my temporal estate that God hath given me I dispose of as followeth. My will is that first after my decease my funeral charges and just debts shall be payd. I give and bequeath to my sonn Moses Lyon one-third part of my land in Pequaneck [Bridgeport] lying on the eastward side and to run the whole length of that land. Alsoe I give him the fifth part of my long lot to run the whole length to bound it the Southwest side. Alsoe I give him two acres of meadow below the new bridge as the way goeth into Sascoeneck. Also my two acres of land in the old field I doe give him, also a gun and a Razer and my biggest pewter platter. It is to be minded one hundred acres of the long lot is already given by deed of gift to him which is part of it above said where it lie and yf there be any room on the old field land when I doe decease it is to be as my estate but otherwise he is to possess it at my decease and the remayning part of the long lot that Moses is to have beside the hundred acres Moses is to possess at my decease. It is my will that Moses shall pay to my cosen Mary Fitch seven pounds within two years after my decease. I give to my sonne Richard Lyon the third part of my land in Pequaneck lying on the farther side next Benjamin Turney and to run the whole length. Alsoe I give him one hundred and fifty acres of my long lot next Moses’ part running through the whole length, and fifty acres of it he is to possess at my decease. I give him two acres of meadow in Sascoenock running the whole length of it lying on the side by that which was Mihil [Michael] Fryes’. I give unto my sonne William Lyon a third part of my land in Pequaneck alsoe I give him one-fifth part of my long lot to run the whole length, and to lye next Richard’s land, and also I give him two acres of meadow in Sascoeneck lying next the beach, and what is left above these Two acres and six more of that piece of meadow yf any: William shall have it by his two acres. Alsoe I give him my long gunn and my back sword and my belt I give him; he to have his portion at nineteen years of age. I give unto my sons Samuel and Joseph Lyon my lot and house and barn I live on. Alsoe I give them that lot I had of Thomas Morhouse called his home lot the whole lot to lye on the northwest side; Joseph to have the Northwest. Alsoe I give them four acres of meadow in Sascoeneck beside Richard’s and William’s above said. Yf it fall short of four acres then they must take up with what is; all these several parcils with house and barn is equally to be divided between Samuel and Joseph. I give unto my daughter Hester Perry four pounds fully to her dispose and I give unto my son-in-law Nathaniel Perry his son Joseph Perry my grand-child three pounds, and unto my son-in-law Nathaniel Perry I give three pounds in carting and plowing as he have ocation. I give unto my wife Margaret Lyon whom I doe hereby make my Executrix of this my last will, I say I give her three score pounds out of my estate and the use of the house I now live in and the barn and the home lot and the rest of Samuel and Joseph’s portion above mentioned to use and improve while she remanyns a widow, or until the said Samuell and Joseph have attayned the age of twenty-one years when they are to have their portions. I give unto my daughters Betty Hanna and Abigail, when my wife hath payed her two score pound out of the moveables, the rest of the moveable estate I give them equally to be divided provided it exceeds not forty pounds which yf it doe the overplus is to be divided between my three youngest sons and my three youngest daughters equally. I will my three youngest daughters Betty, Hanna and Abigail shall have their portions payd them at nineteen years of age unless they marry before that age yf they doe then to receive their portions. And yf either Samuel or Joseph dye before they come to age to receive their portions the other sonne to have the whole, he paying a third part of the value of the said portion equally unto William and the three youngest daughters, and yf any of my three youngest daughters dye before they come of age to receive their portions then the portion shall be divided equally unto the survivors of the three youngest sons. And yf William dye before he come of age to receive his portion then Samuell and Joseph shall have his land, and they shall pay to my three youngest daughters a third part of the value of his land equally to be divided among them. And it is my will that yf the moveables fall short of my wife’s three score pound and my daughters’ forty pound a piece as above then my land in Sascoeneck lying between Goodman Cobbes and Thomas Shornington shall goe in to make it up to that. This is my last will I have hereunto set to my hand this 12 April, 1678.
Richard Lyon. his mark.
Amount of inventory returned by George Squires and William Hill Oct. 17, 1678, L632–2–0.’
Children of Richard Lyon, not certain that they were all by his wife Margaret, although nothing is known to the contrary; not recorded in order of age; all probably born in Fairfield, Conn.:
I. Moses; m. Mary (Grumman?); d. without issue 1696 or 1697.
II. Richard Jr.,; m. Mary (Frye); d. Redding, Jan. 1740.
III. William; a minor in 1678; m. Phebe(???); d. Nov. 4, 1699.
IV. Samuel; younger than William; m. Susanna (???); died 1732.
V. Joseph; probably youngest son; m. Mary Jackson; died March 16, 1698 (Hist. Fairfield).
VI. Hester; (Esther), oldest daughter; b. certainly as early as 1658; m. 1st, before 1678, Nathaniel Perry; in 1678 had a son Joseph (See will above). She m. 2nd, before April 1699, (???) Grumman ("Esther Grumman, sister of Moses deceased" in settlement of estate of Moses); she died in 1699, after July 5th, and before Nov. 13th. (July 5, 1699, John Edmunds purchased property at Fairfield, formerly belonging to Richard Lyon from Richard Lyon, William Lyon, Samuel Lyon, Joshua Jennings, Samuel Smith, William Roberson and Esther Grumman; Nov. 13, 1699, Joshua Jennings purchased property at Fairfield of Richard Lyon, Samuel Lyon, William Roberson, Samuel Smith and John Downs in behalf of Esther Grumman, deceased.)
VII. Betty [Elizabeth]; b. about 1660 (a minor in 1678); m. 1st, Jan. 29, 1679, Benjamin Banks (Fairfield T. R.); m. 2nd, before April 1699, William Roberson (Hist. Fairfield).
VIII. Hannah; b. after 1659; m. Joshua Jennings ["brother-in-law of Moses," in settlement of his estate]. *10.
IX. Abigail; b. after 1659; probably the youngest child; m. Jan. 9, 1696, Samuel Smith (Fairfield T. R.); died March 6, 1698 (T. R.).
SAMUEL LYON [Richard] was born in Fairfield, Conn., about 1670, and died there in 1732. ‘Sergeant Samuel Lyon renewed the Covenant June 8, 1712.’ His wife, Susanna, bapt. Oct. 19, 1718 (?). Samuel’s death is recorded without date in the Church Record. His will, dated July 17, 1732, makes his sons, John and Samuel, executors, and mentions his wife, Susan (Susanna) and the eight children whose names follow: Children of Samuel and Susan (Susanna) Lyon, born in Fairfield (Greenfield Parish).
I. Samuel; bapt. with Margary, John and James, March 18, 1705 (March 12, 1704, Hist. Fairfield).
II. Margary [Margaret]; m. Fairfield, Aug. 9, 1724, John Meaker (T. R.)
III. John; m. Hannah (???) ; d. 1734.
IV. James; b. March 21, 1704 (Fairfield T. R.); m. Abigail Rowland.
V. Abigail; bapt. May 12, 1706; m. Daniel Morhouse; d. Fairfield; Sept. 1757 (T. R.)
VI. Ephraim; bapt. Sept. 27, 1708 ; m. Eunice (???) ; d. before 1751.
VII. Anna [Ann]; bapt. Aug. 6 (or 10), 1710.
VIII. Elnathan; bapt. June 8, 1712; not mentioned in will.
IX. Jeremiah ["Jemimah" in Hist. Fairfield]; bapt, April 1, 1713.
JAMES LYON [Samuel, Richard] was born in Fairfield, Conn., March 21, 1704. He united with the Greenfield Church, Aug. 8, 1726. He married, Dec. 14, 1732, Abigail Rowland (Greenfield Ch. R.). She died March 26, 1752 (T. R.) [‘ae. upwards of 40,’ Ch. R.]. Children of James and Abigail (Rowland) Lyon, born in Fairfield and baptized in Greenfield Church:
I. Joseph; b. Oct. 1, 1733 (T. R.); d. Nov. 27, 1817, ae. 84 y. (Greenfield Ch. R.).
II. Hezekiah; b. Feb. 6, 1736 (T. R.).
III. Eliphalet; b. May 4, 1738 (T. R.).
IV. Seth; b. Dec. 22, 1740 (T. R.); m. Mary Bradley.
V. Abigail; b. Aug. 24, 1743.
VI. Sarah; b. Jan. 1, 1746; d. April 4, 1747, ae. about 2 y. (Greenfield Ch. R.) [April 4, 1757 (?) T. R.].
VII. Sarah; b. June 30, 1748 (T. R.); m. March 17, 1769, Elijah Olmsted; res. Saratoga Co., N. Y.
VIII. ? George Washington; "son of the wife of James;" bapt. Aug. 30, 1745 or ’46 (Greenfield Ch. R.)
SARAH LYON (OLMSTED) [James, Samuel, Richard] was born in Fairfield, Conn. June 30, 1748. She married March 17, 1769 (Fam. Rec.) Elijah Olmsted??, of Greenfield Hill, Fairfield Co., son of John and Jennie Olmsted; b. April 3, 1749. He was a revolutionary soldier. They removed from Connecticut to Saratoga Co., N. Y. Children of Elijah and Sarah (Lyon) Olmsted:
I. Elijah; b. Feb. 28, 1770.
II. Timothy; b. Aug. 3, 1772; m. Abigail Bailey.
III. Sarah; b. Nov. 8, 1775; d. 1848.
IV. Rowland; b. Nov. 1, 1779.
V. Obed; b. Sept. 19, 1784; m. Phebe Derby.
VI. Theresa; b. Nov. 29, 1789.
VIII. Molly; b. June 23, 1777; m. Zalmon Pulling; d. 1821.
IX. Mindwell; b. July 31, 1781; m. 1st, Daniel Wheeler; he d. 1821; and she m. 2nd, Zalmon Pulling, her sister’s widower; she d. April 26, 1836.
X. Eleanor; b. Oct. 8, 1786; m. Eli Hawley.
IX. Jessie Crane; b. April 1, 1795.