Genealogist to H.R.H. the Countess of Wessex

Author:

https://myaccount.rootsweb.com/publicprofile?mn=turthom&kurl=http:%2F%2Fwc%2Erootsweb%2Eancestry%2Ecom%2Fcgi%2Dbin%2Figm%2Ecgi%3Fdb%3Daet%252Dt%26id%3DI48680%26op%3DGET

Genealogist to H.R.H. the Countess of Wessex

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=aet-t&id=I48680

Descendency Chart

1 John De Lyons b: ABT 1167
.. + de Warkworth b: ABT 1172
….. 2 Richard De Lyons b: ABT 1192
…… + Maud b: ABT 1197
……… 3 Roger De Lyons b: ABT 1217
………. + Joane De Napton b: ABT 1222
…………. 4 Richard De Lyons b: 1242
………….. + Emma b: ABT 1246
…………….. 5 John de Lyons b: 1268 d: 1312
……………… + Margery de Oakley b: ABT 1269 d: AFT 1293/1323
………………… 6 John Lyons of Warkworth b: ABT 1296 d: 1346
…………………. + Alice de St Liz b: 1300 d: 1374
…………………… 7 Elizabeth Lyons b: 1324 d: 1371
…………………….. + Richard de Wydeville b: ABT 1310 d: AFT Jul 1378
………………………. 8 John de Wydeville b: BEF 1341 d: AFT 8 Sep 1403
………………………… + Katharine Fermband b: ABT 1345
………………………… + Isabel Godard b: ABT 1355 d: AFT Aug 1401
………………………….. 9 Richard Wydeville b: ABT 1383 d: ABT 1441
……………………………. + Joan Bittlesgate b: ABT 1385 d: AFT 17 Jul 1448
………………………………10 Elizabeth Wydeville b: ABT 1410 d: 8 Jun 1453
……………………………….. + John Pashley b: ABT 1406 d: 8 Jun 1453
………………………………10 Richard Wydeville 1st Earl of Rivers b: ABT 1405 d: 12 Aug 1469
……………………………….. + Jaquetta de Luxembourg b: 1415 d: 30 May 1472
………………………………10 Joan Maud Wydeville b: ABT 1404
……………………………….. + William Hawte b: ABT 1390 d: BEF 4 Oct 1462
…………………….. + Nicholas Chetwode b: ABT 1314
…………………… 7 John Lyons Lord of Warkworth b: ABT 1316
…………………….. + Margery St John b: ABT 1330
………………………. 8 John Lyon b: ABT 1345 d: 4 Nov 1382
………………………… + Johanna Stewart b: ABT 1350 d: AFT 1404
………………………….. 9 John Lyon b: ABT 1377 d: 1435
……………………………. + Elizabeth Anne Graham b: ABT 1398
………………………………10 Patrick Lyon 1st Lord Glamis b: ABT 1412 d: 21 Mar 1459
……………………………….. + Isobel Ogilvy d: BEF 1484
………………………………10 David Lyon
……………………………….. + Marjory Strachan
………………………………10 Michael Lyon
………………………. 8 Margery Lyons
………………………… + Giles St John
………………………….. 9 Margaret St John
……………………………. + William Harrowden
…………………. + Elizabeth
………………… 6 Richard de Lyons b: ABT 1291

ID: I47410
Name: John De Lyons
Surname: De Lyons
Given Name: John
Prefix: Sir
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1167 in England
_UID: 8AC38FAEA9BFFE4DA52D749C60C5D591AAA8
Note:

Although Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, perhaps the greatest herald genealogist believed that his family were of Celtic origin and descended from a younger son of the Lamonts, the generally accepted view is that they descended from a French family called de Leon, who came north with Edgar, son of Malcolm II, at the end of the eleventh century to fight against his uncle, Donald Bane, the usurper of the throne. Edgar was triumphant, and de Leon received lands in Perthshire which were later called Glen Lyon.
Roger de Leonne witnessed a charter of Edgar to the Abbey at Dunfermline in 1105. In 1372 Robert II granted to Sir John Lyon, called the White Lyon because of his fair complexion, the thanage of Glamis. Five years later he became Chamberlain of Scotland, and his prominence was such that he was considered fit to marry the king¹s daughter, Princess Joanna, who brought with her not only illustrious lineage, but also the lands of Tannadice on the River Esk. He was later also granted the barony of Kinghorne. He was killed during a quarrel with Sir James Lindsay of Crawford near Menmuir in Angus.
The family have descended in a direct line from the White Lion and Princess Joanna to the present day, and their crest alludes to this. His only son, another John, was his successor, and he strengthened the royal ties by marrying a granddaughter of Robert II. Sir John¹s son, Patrick, was created Lord Glamis in 1445 and thereafter became a Privy Councillor and Master of the Royal Household.
John, the sixth Lord Glamis, was, according to a tradition, a quarrelsome man with a quick temper. He married Janet Douglas, granddaughter of the famous Archibald Bell the Cat, and after his death she suffered terribly for the hatred which James V bore to all of her name. Lady Glamis was accused on trumped-up charges of witchcraft and, despite speaking boldly in her own defence, her doom was preordained. She was burned at the stake on the castle hill at Edinburgh on 3 December 1540.
The eighth Lord Glamis renounced his allegiance to Mary, Queen of Scots and served under the Regents Moray and Lennox. He was made Chancellor of Scotland and Keeper of the Great Seal for life, and his son, the ninth Lord, was captain of the Royal Guard and one of James VIs Privy Councillors. In 1606 he was created Earl of Kinghorne, Viscount Lyon and Baron Glamis. His son, the second Earl, was a close personal friend of the Marquess of Montrose and was with him when he subscribed to the National Covenant in 1638. He accompanied Montrose on his early campaigns in defence of the Covenant , but despite his great affection for the Marquess, he could not support him when he broke with the Scots Parliament to fight for Charles I. Lyon almost ruined his estates in supporting the Army of the Covenant against his friend.
In 1677 the third Earl of Kinghorne obtained a new patent of nobility, being styled thereafter Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Viscount Lyon, Baron Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw and Strathdichtie. He paid off the debts he inherited from his father by skillful management of the estates and was later able to alter and enlarge the Castle of Glamis. John, his son, although a member of the Privy Council, opposed the Treaty of Union of 1707.
His son was a Jacobite who fought in the rising of 1715 at the Battle of Sheriffmuir in Tullibardine¹s regiment. He died defending his regiment¹s colours. In 1716 James, the Old Pretender. son of James VII, was entertained at Glamis. Thirty years later another king¹s son, but a much less welcome one, the Duke of Cumberland, stopped at the castle on his march north to Culloden. It is said that after he left the bed which he had used was dismantled.
Among the Jacobite relics now preserved at Glamis are a sword and watch belonging to James VIII, the Old Pretender, and an intriguing tartan coat worn by him. The youngest daughter of the fourteenth Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne is HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.

Change Date: 30 Jun 2012 at 01:00:00

Marriage 1 de Warkworth b: ABT 1172 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

Children

Richard De Lyons b: ABT 1192 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

ID: I47408
Name: Richard De Lyons
Surname: De Lyons
Given Name: Richard
Prefix: Sir
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1192 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
_UID: 40622433D31D0C42B7E9723C17C513E155DB
Change Date: 30 Jun 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John De Lyons b: ABT 1167 in England
Mother: de Warkworth b: ABT 1172 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

Marriage 1 Maud b: ABT 1197 in England

Children

Roger De Lyons b: ABT 1217 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

ID: I47402
Name: Roger De Lyons
Surname: De Lyons
Given Name: Roger
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1217 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
_UID: 6D8FCD305244FE48A20D89C06C3FD374BFF7
Change Date: 30 Jun 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: Richard De Lyons b: ABT 1192 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Mother: Maud b: ABT 1197 in England

Marriage 1 Joane De Napton b: ABT 1222 in Napton On The Hill, Rugby, Warwickshire, England

Children

Richard De Lyons b: 1242 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

ID: I47400
Name: Richard De Lyons
Surname: De Lyons
Given Name: Richard
Sex: M
Birth: 1242 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
_UID: CF02D2E9CBE67A4AA57D70954DAF8E41F3DD
Change Date: 30 Jun 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: Roger De Lyons b: ABT 1217 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Mother: Joane De Napton b: ABT 1222 in Napton On The Hill, Rugby, Warwickshire, England

Marriage 1 Emma b: ABT 1246 in England

Children

John de Lyons b: 1268 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

ID: I47399
Name: John de Lyons
Surname: de Lyons
Given Name: John
Sex: M
Birth: 1268 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Death: 1312
_UID: F8679C562E7734449AA1687E850BA6B57A73 1
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: Richard De Lyons b: 1242 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Mother: Emma b: ABT 1246 in England

Marriage 1 Margery de Oakley b: ABT 1269 in Great Oakley, Northamptonshire, England

Married: ABT 1288 in Great Oakley, Northamptonshire, England

Children

John Lyons of Warkworth b: ABT 1296 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Richard de Lyons b: ABT 1291 in Great Oakley, Northamptonshire, England

Sources:

Title: The Visitations of Northamptonshire made in 1564 and 1618-19
Author: Edited by Walter C Metcalfe F.S.A.
Publication: Harleian Society, London , 1887
Page: p.32

ID: I47543
Name: John Lyons of Warkworth
Surname: Lyons
Given Name: John
Suffix: of Warkworth
Prefix: Sir
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1296 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Death: 1346
_UID: 1C50433BF7D26449BB0D06E05F1F4C7C54D0 1 2
Change Date: 30 Apr 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John de Lyons b: 1268 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Mother: Margery de Oakley b: ABT 1269 in Great Oakley, Northamptonshire, England

Marriage 1 Alice de St Liz b: 1300 in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England

Married: ABT 1315 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England

Children

Has Children Elizabeth Lyons b: 1324 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Has Children John Lyons Lord of Warkworth b: ABT 1316 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England

Marriage 2 Elizabeth

Married: ABT 1348 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England

Sources:

Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant
Author: Editor: G.E. Cokayne, with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden
Publication: St. Catherine Press, 29 Great Queen St, Kingsway, W.C. 1959
Page: XI:16
Title: The Visitations of Northamptonshire made in 1564 and 1618-19
Author: Edited by Walter C Metcalfe F.S.A.
Publication: Harleian Society, London , 1887
Page: p.32

ID: I47366
Name: John Lyons Lord of Warkworth
Surname: Lyons
Given Name: John
Suffix: Lord of Warkworth
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1316 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England
_UID: 8EFFB2BD274C3E46B9A1532E4DB10421F197 1
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyons of Warkworth b: ABT 1296 in Warkworth, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
Mother: Alice de St Liz b: 1300 in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England

Marriage 1 Margery St John b: ABT 1330

Married: ABT 1350 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England

Children

Has Children John Lyon b: ABT 1345 in Forteviot, Perthshire, Scotland
Has Children Margery Lyons

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I51192
Name: John Lyon
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Prefix: Sir
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1345 in Forteviot, Perthshire, Scotland
Death: 4 Nov 1382 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Burial: Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland
_UID: E7578DF29B497D4FBC8A62115279DF431394
Note:

John Lyon, with whom the record of the family commences, leaps into fame and power in the reign of David II. His rank in life may be inferred from the fact that from his first appearance we find him fully equipped for his career as a courtier, statesman, and diplomatist. He was in the serivce of the Crown prior to 9 July 1368, as appears from the inductive clause in the charter of Courtastoune granted to him in that year, but the earliest record reference to his official position at Court is on 13 January 1368-69, when he is designed ‘clericus domini nostri regis,’ on his appointment as one of the auditors to examine the accounts of the Cahmberlain of Scotland. He remained auditor until his own appointment as Chamberlain. In the same year (1369) he was dispatched on a mission to London, and in the English state papers he is referred to as the ‘Clerk of the Privy Seal of the King of Scotland.’

On the sccession of Robert II in 1371 he was appointed Keeper of the Privy Seal. On 10 October 1375, Queen Euphemia, the second wife of Robert II assigned to him certain liferent duties payable to her out of the revenues of the Castle of Edingburgh, of which John Lyon was then Keeper. Thee is a precept by the King dated at Dunbermlyn 25 June 1380, directing the auditors of the royal accounts to allow to John Lyon (whom he and his eldest son had appointed keeper for life) the whole expenses disbursed by the Chamberlain in fortifying and furnishing the Castle of Edinburgh with porvisions, warlike instruments, and all other necessaries. On 20 October 1377 he was appointed Chamberlain of Scotland, then the most importan office in the disposal of the Crown. This position he retained until his death. In the spring of 1382 he was again engaged in a mission to England.

His acquisitions of property date from an early period in his career. On 10 July 1367 he acquired from Walter, Earl of Ross and Euphame his wife, the lands of Fordell in the barony of Forgandenny, and on 28 May 1368 from John de Hay, lord of Tullibothwell, Ballydireth, now Bandirran, in the Fenton’s barony of Coulas; on 13 April 1370 from the above John de Hay, Tolynachton, with the pertinents and native men thereof in the forest of Buyne and sheriffdom of Banff; In 1370 from Walter de Lesly, Knight, Lord of Philorth, twenty oxgates of land in Monorgan, with three acres of meadow, three cruives, and a yair called Brakeless, a grant confirmed in 1371 by Andrew de Lesley, Lord of that Ilk; in this charter John Lyon is designated ‘of Forteviot.’ The lands of Longforgan he acquired in three separate portions; the first or Pyngle’s part was acquired from Adam de Pryngle, burgess of Aberdeen, the discharge of the purchase price being dated 20 march 1374; the second or Bruce’s part of Longforgan he got in excambion for certain other lands, from Agnes, wife of Sir Robert de Ramesay, Knight, on 28 April 1377; the third or Scarlet’s part was resigned by Thomas Scarlet on 6 June 1377, and confirmed to John Lyon 14 July 1378; these lands were erected into a barony by charter from Robert II 2 October 1378. On 8 April 1373 he acquired in tack from William de Meldrum Altermony and Dalrevach in Stirling. On 18 February 1375 he had a grant from the convent of Arbroath of the lands belonging to the abbey within the territory of Glamis. On 29 June 1378, he had a lease from the Abbot of Dunfermline of the lands of Fothros and Schenevale, near Portyncrak in Fife, for services rendered to the monastery; this lease was transferred into a heritable right in his grandson’s time, the grantee being taken bound not to remove any of the nativi without the consent of the convent. On 22 March 1379 he had a liferent from Alexander, Abbot of Scone and the monastery thereof, of the lands of Kambusmychell and the two Collanays which belonged to Mariota de Buthirgask, to be holden of the convent for five merks sterling yearly. In 1379 he purchased from John McKelly the Island of Inchkeith, the Crown confirmation dated the following day containing a clause prohibiting any one from hunting or hawking on the island without leave from Sir John Lyon under a penalty of ten pounds sterling. From William, Earl of Douglas and Mar, he had a grant of the lands of Balmukedy and Ballynchore, the precept of sasine being dated 21 February 1380. On 20 March 1381 he acquired from Hugh de Ross, lord of the west part of Kynfawnys, the lands of Kindongwane and Clevekippowie or Kippowcleft in the shire of Fife.

His first acquisition from the Crown was the lands of Courtastoune in the territory of Garioch and shire of Aberdeen, granted him on 9 July 1368 by David II. On 18 March 1372 Robert II granted him in free barony the lands of the thanage of Glamuyss in the sheriffdom of Forfar, for the service of one archer in the King’s army, a grant which marks the alteration of the ancient Celtic holding into a feudal tenure. A confirmation of the charter of Glamis was granted on 7 January 1373-74 by the King’s three sons, John, Earl of Carrick, afterwards Robert III, Robert, Earl of Fife and Menteith, afterwards Duke of Albany and Governor of the kingdom, and Alexander, the ‘Wolf of Badenock,’ wherein they declare that, considering the deserts of John Lyon and his very faithful service, they confirm and ratify the grant for themselves and their heirs, and promise that never in any future time shall they impugn or revoke the same, even if any of them shall attain the Royal dignity. On 30 January 1380 he received a new investiture to himself and the heirs-male of his body, whom failing, to Patrick his nephew, whom failing, to Michael, brother-german of Patrick, and the substitutes so names are the only references to the collateral branches of the House of Lyon in existence at that period. From the date of the royal grant Glamis became the chief seat fo the family. Malcolm II died at Glamis on 25 November 1034 and the national records, so far as in existence, prove that it remained part of the royal patrimony until 1372. On 27 June 1376 King Robert II granted ‘dilecto consanguineo nostro Johanni de Ross et Johanni Lyovne’ the lands of Bondyton of Lathame, the carucate of land called Redeplowland and others in the sheriffdom of Berwick. On 4 October 1376 King Robert II granted ‘to his dearest son John Lyon and Johanna his wife, the King’s beloved daughter,’ the thanedom of Tannadyce in the sheriffdom of Forfar. He further received from the Crown on 9 August 1378 the Loch of Forfar with the fishings thereof and eel chest; on 27 September 1379 certain lands in Thuriston, Wodhall, and Wodoley, in the constabulary of Haddington; on 24 December 1381 the whole burgh of Kinghorne with the manor place, lands, rents, and forests belonging to the King in the Constabulary of Kinghore, reserving only the whold great customs of the burgh due from wool, skins and hides; on 30 August 1382 an annualrent of four chalders of victual and £10 sterling, out of the lands of Doune in Banffshire, in the gift of the Crown, and on the same date a charter of the lands of Glendowachy. He had in addition to these lands several grants of escheats from the Crown.

By an indenture dated 17 September 1380, between Sir John on the one part, and the Abbot and convent of Scone on the other, he gifted to the monastery all his lands in the burgh of Perth, in the north street thereof, and on the north side of that street, with an annualrent of fifty shillings, payable out of the land of Thomas de Sallaris in said burgh, for which the Abbot and convent obliged themselves to perform a mass daily at the altar of the Blessed Virgin in the great church of the monastery, where the said Sir John desired to be buried, for the souls of himself and Dame Jean his wife, daughter of Robert, King of Scots, and for the sould of the whole burgesses of Perth.

Sir John Lyon was knighted before 2 October 1377. He was slain on 4 November 1382 by Sir James Lindsay of Crawford. The only contemporary narrative of the event is contained in the accounts of Robert, Earl of Fife and Menteith, who succeeded Sir John in the office of Chamberlain, and who states that his death took place on the 4 of November, ‘suddenly and unexpectedly.’ The ‘Liber Pluscardensis’ states that the deed was done at night when the victim was in bed and unsuspecting. All the early references to the catastrophe indicate the belief of the writers that there was foul play, and Lindsay was compelled to flee from Court to elude the vengeance of the King. The even marked the beginning of a feud between the families which remained unhealed for centuries. Many of our old writers were tempted to step aside from the beaten track of their dry annals to celebrate in verse and prose the merits of one who in his day played so important a part in the life of the nation. And sice customs and manners have changed greatly in five centuries while human nature has changed not, we may yet discern in the rugged lines of the old makkar the secrets of the Chamberlain’s success:

Plesand but peir, and weill gevin in all thing;
Lustie and large, plesand of hyde and hew,
Mansweit and melk, rycht secreit als and trew;
Baith digest (als) rycht circumspect and wyss;
Aboue all vther in his tyme, I reid
Of pulchritude and fairnes did exceid.
For that same caus as trow rycht weill I can,
Rycht tenderlie him louit mony man;

The King him louit also ouir the laue,
And gaif him oucht that he plesit to haif,
For his vertu and for his fairnes als,
So trew he wes that he was neuir fund fals,
Expert he was to dyte and wryte rycht fair,
Thairfoir the King maid him his secretair,
And of his signet gaif him all the cuir,
With othir office of him that he buir.

He was, by the King’s own direction, interred in the Abbey Chruch of Scone, where his Majesty intended his own body should be committed to its rest, and where, at his death, he was actually interred. From his complexion Sir John was styled the ‘whyte Lyon.’

Sir John’s wife was the Princess Johanna Stewart, on of the daughters of King Robert II by his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan. The Princess had three husbands. On 17 January 1373-74 she was married to Sir John Keith, eldest son of Sir William Keith, Marischal of Scotland, and she was left a widow before 27 December 1375. Her marriage with Sir John Lyon took place between 27 June and 4 October 1376, on which latter date the King designes him ‘his dearest son.’ The union was at first a secret, and two years later on 10 May 1378, the King publicly acknowledged Sir John as his son, and, with consent of his three sons above hames, granted to the spouses letters of acknowledgment and remission for any clandestine marriage formerly contracted by the, in regard a marriage had been solemnly celebrated between them in face of the Church, in presence of the King and his sons and other friends and relatives. The tocher of the Princess was the thanedom of Tannadyce. After Sir John’s death she married Sir James Sandilands of Calder. On 20 November 1384 King Rober II granted to Sir James, on his own resignation, the baronies of Dalzell, Motherwell, and Wiston, in the sheriffdom of Lanark, to be held by Sir James and Johanna, the King’s daughter, ‘whom God willing he is about to take to wife.’ In the last reference observed to the Princess in 1404 she is designed ‘Lady Johanna, Lady of Glammys.’ She was interred with her husband in the monastery of Scone. So far as appears, the only child of the union between Sir John and the Princess was his son and successor.
[The Scots Peerage VIII:263-269]

1 2 3 4 5 6
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyons Lord of Warkworth b: ABT 1316 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England
Mother: Margery St John b: ABT 1330

Marriage 1 Johanna Stewart b: ABT 1350 in Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland

Married: 1375
Note: Weir says married 1376.

Children

John Lyon b: ABT 1377 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant
Author: Editor: G.E. Cokayne, with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden
Publication: St. Catherine Press, 29 Great Queen St, Kingsway, W.C. 1959
Page: VIII:473
Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914
Page: I:16, VIII:263-269
Repository:
Title: Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes
Author: Editor: Charles Mosley
Publication: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, Crans, Switzerland, 1999
Page: 2831
Title: The Lyons of Cossins and Wester Ogil, Cadets of Glamis
Author: Andrew Ross
Publication: 1901
Page: 4-8
Repository:
Title: Dictionary of National Biography
Author: Ed by Sir Leslie S
Publication: George Smith, Oxford Press, Vols 1-21 (Orignially published 1885-90)
Page: XVI:1233
Title: Kings and Queens of Scots – Margaret to Robert II (1285 to 1390)
Author: William Bortrick
Publication: 2005-2008 Burke’s Peerage & Gentry and The Origins Network

ID: I51188
Name: John Lyon
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Prefix: Sir
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1377 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Death: 1435 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Burial: Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland
_UID: 0AFE9838B74F6445B99CFB2555A3B712BD5C
Note:

Sir John Lyon, Knight. In the charter-room at Glamis there is a precept by Robert II addressed to the Abbot and convent of Dunfermline, charging them to enter John Lyon, son and heir of the deceased John Lyon, Knight, as heir of his father in the lands of Fothros and Schenevale. On 18 October 1388 the King issued a protection, taking John Lyon ‘nepotem nostrum,’ his lands, men, and whole possessions under his peace and protection, etc., and directing all his debtors to make payment to him of their debts without delay; thus avoiding the hardships which a grant of ward would have inflicted on the youthful heir. His name occurs as a witness to an instrument dated the 27 and 28 August 1392, taken upon the occasion of Christian of Brogan, an infected leper, wife to John of Allan, and sister and nearest heir to Henry of Brogan, Laird of Auchloun, coming to Aberdeen, and there resigning, with consent of her husband, to Sir David Fleming, son and heir of Sir Michael Fleming of Biggar, her right to the lands of Aucloun. He was knighted in or before 1404. On the 4 of December 1423 his name occurs in a list of the hostages to be delivered in secuity of the ransom of King James I. A few days afterwards Sir John received a safe-conduct to meet the King at Durham, and there is little doubt he formed one of the company of Scots notables who conducted King James from Durham to his own dominions in April 1424, his son and successor Patrick taking his place as a hostage in England. On 24 February 1433 Sir John, for the better support of the mass founded at Scone by his father, granted an annualrent of forty shillings, payable out of his barony of Forgandenny.

His death is said to have take place in 1435. Being of the blood-royal he was interred at Scone, ‘in sacello regum,’ and when ‘the house of Scone was built, and his tomb, with others, raised, there was found there some papers and tokens, with a staff of his own lengthunconsumed.;

He married his first cousin once removed, Elizabeth Graham, youngest daughter of Euphemia, Countess Palatine of Strathearn, and her husband, Sir Patrick Graham of Dundaff and Kincardine. The common ancestor was King Robert II, and the bridegroom being a grandson of that monarch and the bride a great-granddaughter.
[The Scots Peerage VIII:269-270]

1 2 3
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyon b: ABT 1345 in Forteviot, Perthshire, Scotland
Mother: Johanna Stewart b: ABT 1350 in Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Elizabeth Anne Graham b: ABT 1398 in Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland

Children

Patrick Lyon 1st Lord Glamis b: ABT 1412 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
David Lyon
Michael Lyon

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914
Page: VIII:260, 269-270
Title: The Lyons of Cossins and Wester Ogil, Cadets of Glamis
Author: Andrew Ross
Publication: 1901
Page: I:9-11
Title: Kings and Queens of Scots – Margaret to Robert II (1285 to 1390)
Author: William Bortrick
Publication: 2005-2008 Burke’s Peerage & Gentry and The Origins Network

ID: I53695
Name: Patrick Lyon 1st Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: Patrick
Suffix: 1st Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1412 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Death: 21 Mar 1459 in Belhelvies, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Burial: Glamis, Angus, Scotland
_UID: F65DF38D9667CA40B9FAF5E7A25A8CE3D44F
Note:

Patrick Lyon, first Lord Glamis. On 24 March 1423-24 Sir John Lyon issued letters patent, dated from Glamis, declaring that Patrick, his son and heir, was to remain a hostage in England for the ransom of King James I. On 9 NOvember 1427 Patrick was exchanged for David, Lord of Lesly. On 23 September 1440 he acquired in heritage the lands of Fothros and Schenevale, in the regality of Dunfermline, formerly set in tack by the Abbot to his grandfather, the Chamberlain. In 1442 he was infeft in the ancestral estates in Forfar and Fife. In 1451 he received from James II a charte of the lands of Cardani-Berclay, Drumgley, and Drumgeith, in the sheriffdom of Forfar. On 30 September 1444 he is designed ‘Patrick Lion of Kinghorn, Knight.’ He was created a Lord of Parliament under the title of Lord Glammys on 28 June 1445, and on the same date he is so designed in a report of the proceedings of a committee of Parliament.

Lord Glamis appears as Master of the Household to King James II on 7 April 1450, and held the office for the ususal period of two years, his attendance at Court, as appears by his signature as witness to the royal charters and other writs, being almost unbroken during that time. In 1450 and the following year he was one of the Lord Auditors of the Treasury. He had a safe-conduct into England as one of the Commissioners appointed for settling infractions of the truce between the Kingdoms 17 April 1451. In 1455 he was again ambassador to England. In 1456-59 he wsa Keeper of the royal castles of Kildrummy, Kindrocht, and Balveny, and various payments for the repair and maintenance of these fortresses were made to him during the period. In 1457 he was nominated one of the Lords of Session on behalf of the Barons of Scotland, being the first of seven Judges of the Supreme Court which the House of Glamis has given to Scotland.

Lord Glamis died at Belhelvies on 21 March 1459, and was buried at Glamis. Judging from the period at which their children began to take an active part in public life, the marriage of Lord Glamis with Isobel Ogilvy, daughter of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Lantrathen, must have taken place soon after his return from England in 1427. After her first husband’s death Lady Glamis married Gilbert, first Lord Kennedy, whom she also survived. She had a full share of the pugnacity of the race form which she sprang. She fought her sons, her tenants, her neighbours, and her creditors, and had a tough struggle with the representatives of her second husband for the possession of the family plate. On 20 June 1480 she entered into an indenture with the Prior and convent of the Preaching Dominicans, friars of Ayr, who, with consent of Brother John More, Vicar-General of that Order in Scotland, agreed, in return for a liberal endowment of lands in the town and sheriffdom of Ayr, to perform divine service for the benefit of the souls of James and Margaret, King and Queen of Scotland, of Isobel herself and her father and mother, and of Patrick, Lord Glamis, and Gilbert Kennedy, Lord of that Ilk, her husbands. After Lord Kennedy’s death, who was succeeded by his son by a previous marriage, her Ladyship was reconciled to her family, and returned to Forfarshire. ‘She in her widdowedheid finished the old House of Glamis, built the two ston bridges, and the ille in the Kirk of Glames, wherein, with her first husband, she was interred in anno 1484, as the inscription upon the tomb bears witnes.’
[The Scots Peerage VIII:270-272]

1 2 3
Change Date: 28 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyon b: ABT 1377 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Elizabeth Anne Graham b: ABT 1398 in Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Isobel Ogilvy

Married: ABT 1427

Children

Janet Lyon b: ABT 1430 in Glassary, Argyllshire, Scotland
Alexander Lyon 2nd Lord Glamis b: ABT 1433 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
3rd Lord Glamis b: ABT 1435 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Elizabeth Lyon b: ABT 1437 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
William Lyon 4th Laird of Pettanys b: ABT 1438 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Patrick Lyon b: ABT 1440 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914
Page: VIII:270-272
Title: The Lyons of Cossins and Wester Ogil, Cadets of Glamis
Author: Andrew Ross
Publication: 1901
Page: 12-16
Title: The House of Airlie
Author: Rev William Wilson
Publication: 1924
Page: I:56

ID: I51177
Name: John Lyon 3rd Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 3rd Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1435 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Death: 1 Apr 1497 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Burial: Glamis, Angus, Scotland
_UID: 6EC98C03ACD84840B1081B9DE3B1B911A173
Birth: 1431 in Courtastamo, Lanarkshire, England
Note:

JOHN (LYON), LORD GLAMIS [SCT], next brother and heir. A Lord Auditor of Parliament, and a Lord of Council, 1484-94; a “Great Justice” south of Forth, 1487/8. He sided with James III, but after that King had been slain at Sauchieburn, secured the confidence of his successor. P.C. [SCT] 4 July 1489; joint justiciar of Scotland, 1489-94; Ambassador to England, 1491, and in the same year to France, Castile, Leon, &c. He largely increased his landed estates. He married, probably in or before 1450, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John SCRIMGEOUR, of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee. She died before 20 October 1492. He died at Glamis, 1 April 1497, and was buried there.
[Complete Peerage V:428]
……………………………

John, third Lord Glamis, was in no measure inferior in point of energy and ability to his great ancestor the Chamberlain. In 1464, as Mr John Lyon of Courtastoune, he received payment from the Crown for certain expenditure on the castles of Kildrummy and Kindrocht, of which his father Patrick, first Lord Glamis, had been Keeper, and he made material additions to the resources of the family. In 1479 he purchsed from George Bell of the Holmys, Inchture, in the sheriffdom of Perth. From Dorothea Tulloch, one of the ladies of Bonyngtoun, and Walter Wode, her husband, he had a charter, on 4 April 1479, of one-half of the Loch Mills of Forfar. From David, Lord Lindsay of the Byres, he had a grant of the lands of Puresk, in Kinghorne, the precept for infefting him being dated 12 November 1488. One-fourth part of the barony of Baky, in the sheriffdom of Forfar, was acquired on the resignation of Henry Douglas 14 August 1487; a second fourth part was acquired from Jonet Fenton of Baky 4 July 1489. On 5 September 1491 he acquired the fourth part of LIggle Buttirgask, Collace, and Strathfentoun, co Perth, from the heirs of the above Jonet Fentoun.

On 14 October 1472 he was made Coroner within the bounds of Forfar and Kincardine. In 1483-84 he appears on the bench with the Lords Auditors and also with the Lords of Council in deciding civil cases, and continued to act in these capacities for ten years. On 11 January 1487 King James III nominated him one of the ‘Great Justices’ on the south side of the Forth. One great opportunity of displaying his qualities as a statesman was vouchsafed to him. After the death of King James III at Sauchieburn a Parliament met at Edinburgh on 16 October 1488, to secure a general pacifiaction, when the events which led to the late conflict were fully debated. The assembly, after listening to an explanation by Lord Glamis, of the causes that led ‘to the slauchteris committed and done in the field of Striulin quhar ouir souerane lordis fader happinit to be slane,’ unanimously resolved that the wisest thing now to do was to ‘agree that the King that now is is our true souerane,’

The attitude maintained by Lord Glamis throughout so grave a crisis secured him the respect and confidence of both sides; he was peculiarly fortunate in obtaining the friendship of the young King, and during the early years of the new reign his attendance at court was continuous. In the Parliament in which he made so happy a use of his forensic talents, he was, with the Lord Gray and the Master of Crawford, appointed a Lord Justice ‘for Angus, Heiland and Lawland, and to sit with the justices of the regalities.’ On 15 February 1489 he was appointed on of the Crown Auditors, and on the 26 of June following a member of the King’s Privy Council. In 1490, when he was appointed a Commissioner under the Privy Seal to let the Crown lands, the King designs him ‘our Justice;’ the ordinary title being simply ‘Justiciar.’ In 1491 he was one of the Lords appointed to attend the young King at Berwick to conclude, if possible, a truce with England, and in the same year he was Ambassador from Scotland to the Courts of France, Castile, Leon, Arragon and Sicily. In 1495 his name occurs as one of the two Justiciars on the south side of the Forth.

On 20 October 1491 King James IV, at the instance of Lord Glamis, erected the twon of Glammys, in the sheriffdom of Forfar, into a free burgh of barony for ever, with power to elect bailies, and to hold a cross and market on Friday in each week, and a public fair every year on the feast day of St Fergus (17 November), and for the four days following, with right to impose toils. On 12 October 1487 Lord Glamis granted a mortification of an annualrent of twelve merks and certain portions of the lands of Glamis to the altar of St Thomas the Martyr in the parish church there, for the celebration of divine service for the souls of his elder brother Alexander and Agnes Creichtroun his wife.

The last reference observed to John, third Lord Glamis, is in the Treasurer’s accounts for 1496. He died 1 April 1497, and was buried at Glamis. He married Elizabeth, said to have been daughter of John Scrymgeour of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee. She died prior to 20 October 1492, on which date her husband, with consent of John, his eldest son, mortified to the chapel of the Holy Trinity, in the Parish Church of Glamis, two acres and a toft of land in the barony of Glamis for the benefit of her soul.
[The Scots Peerage VIII:274-276]

1 2 3 4 5
Change Date: 28 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: Patrick Lyon 1st Lord Glamis b: ABT 1412 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Isobel Ogilvy

Marriage 1 Elizabeth Scrymgeour b: ABT 1427 in Dudhope Castle, Dundee, Angus, Scotland

Married: BEF 1450

Children

Violetta Lyon b: ABT 1455 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
John Lyon 4th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1457 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
William Lyon b: ABT 1462 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
George Lyon b: ABT 1465 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Christian Lyon b: 1482 in Glamis,Angus
Janet Lyon
Agnes Lyon
David Lyon of Baky & Cossins b: 1495
Margaret Lyon
Mariota Lyon
Elizabeth Lyon

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant
Author: Editor: G.E. Cokayne, with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden
Publication: St. Catherine Press, 29 Great Queen St, Kingsway, W.C. 1959
Page: V:428
Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914
Page: IV:53; V:523, VIII:274-276
Title: The Lyons of Cossins and Wester Ogil, Cadets of Glamis
Author: Andrew Ross
Publication: 1901
Page: 19-22
Title: The Peerage of Scotland
Author: Edward Kimber, John Almon
Publication: London, 1767
Title: A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland
Author: Sir Bernard Burke
Publication: 1886

ID: I51181
Name: John Lyon 4th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 4th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1457 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Death: 1500
_UID: B0A8FCD598618746BBA4BF0F8C7DE054594C
Note:

JOHN, fourth Lord Glamis. On 25 June 1488, in his father’s lifetime, he entered into an indenture with Margaret Penton of Baky and John Lindsay her son, by which he acquired another fourth part of Baky, the Crown charter following being dated 2 August 1488. On 4 July 1489 he acquired from David Nairne, grandson of Isabella Penton of Baky, the remaining fourth part of Baky. In 1496 he was infeft by Crown precept in the thanages of Glamis and Tannadyce, Cardenbercla, Drumgly, one-half of the barony of Baky, and other family possessions, and on 9 June 1497 in the lands held ol the Abbey of Arbroath within the territory of Glamis. In 1500 he was infeft in the office of Coroner of Forfar and Kincardine. He died in 1500 of a wound received in an encounter with the Ogilvys, for which an assythement was paid to David Lyon of Baky, as tutor to George, flfth Lord Glamis. He married, in 1487, Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew, second Lord Gray. She married, secondly, in 1511, Alexander, third Earl of Huntly, and thirdly, in 1525, George, fourth Earl of Rothes. Through her the house ol Lyon claimed right to the estate of Foulis, and the dispute on this point between the two families was not settled until 1575.
[The Scots Peerage]
……………………………..

JOHN LYON, IV LORD GLAMIS
John Lyon, IV Lord Glamis. Born 1452, died 1500. He married Elizabeth (Emily ?) Gray1, on May 18, 1487, daughter of Lord Andrew Gray and Janet Keith Gray. She was born in Huntley, Aberdeen, and died January 19, 1529. Three children: George, John and Alexander. [Conflict: other source lists children as Thomas, Richard and John.]
George Lyon, V Lord Glamis. Born 1488, Glamis, Angushire, Scotland. He died unmarried in 1505 and the title passed to his brother.

John Lyon, VI Lord Glamis. Born 1491 at Glamis, Angusshire, Scotland [Circa James IV, Mary Stuart Queen of Scotland]. John Lyon died in April 8,1528. James IV renewed his alliance with King of France in 1513. The herald who brought the declaration was “The Scotch Lord Lyon”. Another Lyon King-at-Arms or Lion King-at Arms: one of the Perth shire courtiers of an Earl Marshal-keeper of the heraldic beasts of the Royal Shield. The battle of Flodden Field killed 12,000 including King Robert II. The few among those not killed was John Lyon, VI Lord Glamis.

He married Janet Douglas, second daughter of King Robert, born 1495 in Angus, Scotland, who died by fire publicly on Castle Hill of Edinburgh, July 12(17?), 1537. In the first part of the sixteenth century the beautiful widowed Glamis was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle with her young Son Lord Glamis and her second husband, a Campbell of Skipnish. She was falsely accused of witchcraft and mixing of potions, and conspiracy to kill King James V, by evidence of a perjurer. One version of the story related that another Campbell wish to marry Glamis and told the King tales of potions and witchcraft and that on his deathbed he confessed to the falsehoods. Glamis was condemned to death together with her young son. Campbell of Skipnish was killed trying to escape and Lord Glamis was reprieved until he came of age, but was kept a prisoner until the King’s death. Glamis was found guilty of the trumped-up accusation and on December 3, 1540 was burned alive as a witch on the Castle Hill of Edinburgh ‘with great commiseration of the people, being in the prime of her years, of a singular beauty, and suffering all, though a woman, with a manlike courage, all men conceiving that it was not this fact (witchcraft) but the hatred with the King carried to her brothers and the rest of the Douglas clan.’

While Glamis castle was in the hands of the King it was used by he and his Queen, Marie of Lorraine, who held court their and ransacked it of most of its valuable furnishings.

John Lyon, VII Lord Glamis. Born 1510 [Circa Mary Stuart] He was placed under his uncle Alexander Lyon and died 10/3/1592. After King James V died he was released and his property (Glamis) restored to him. He married Janet Keith 2/6/1543. [Some sources indicate this John is the same as John of Ryslippe, born in 1510, died 10/3/1592 in Ryslippe. See Henry Lyon, Knight document]
John Lyon, VIII, Lord Glamis. [Circa Mary Stuart] John died in 1578, accidently killed at Sterling Scotland, in an encounter with followers of the Lindsay family. Privy Councillor, Extraordinary Lord of the Session (1573), High Chancellor of Scotland (1573), Keeper of the Great Seal, Lord of Scession (1570). He married Elizabeth Abernathy on July 2, 1569. She was the daughter of Lord Salton.
Margaret
Jean

In 1560 the powerful preachers, Harlow, Whitlock, and Knox organized the church in Scotland, an act prohibiting the rites of the Church of Rome.

Patrick Lyon, born 1575, died December 19, 1615. IX Lord of Glamis. [Circa James VI] He succeeded his father at the age of three in 1578. In 1606 he was created First Earl of Kinghorne, Privy Councillor to James VI of Scotland and also became James I of England in 1603, Commissioner to treat the union with England. He married Anne Murray, Daughter of Lord Tullibardine. He was a prominent public servant and started working on the redecorating of Glamis castle.
John Lyon, X Lord Glamis, Second Earl of Kinghorne. [Circa James VI, who is also James I of England in 1603] Scotland becomes part of England. His second wife was Margaret Erskine.
Patrick, Earl of Strathmore, 3rd Earl of Kinghorne, 1677. Privy Councillor, Extra Lord of Session, in charge of the commissary of the army in Argyll’s rebellion 1643-1595.
Hon. Thomas (Sir) Lyon, Master of Glamis. [Circa James VI, Scotland, James I of England]. Lord Lyon – King of Arms, Keeper of heraldic beasts of Royal Shield, deeded lands in 1586, dubbed Treasurer of Scotland, Extraordinary Lord of Session until 5/28/1593. He surrounded the castle with armed men, taking James VI prisoner. He married Agnes Gray (Horne) and was deeded her land in 1579-1586. He married Eufamia Douglas, and deed land in 1589. He fled to England, readjusted his places, and returned, seizing Sterling Castle and accused the government again. He fled across the border, returned with armed royal men, invaded the palace, compelled Arran Stuart to quit the royal presence. He was appointed Captain of Kings Guards. He was a striking figure at the coronation of Danish Queen Anna on 5/17/1590, who married James I of England.
Mary Lyon, married Robert Semphill.
John of Aldbar, married the daughter of the Archbishop of St. Andrews. Died without children.

John Lyon, Master of Glamis
William, born 1540, Little Stanmore, married Isabella Wightman on 6/17/1646, and died before 9/7/1624. Isabella born about 1559. [See Lyon, William – Isabella Wightman]
William, born about 1580, Heston, England. Died 1634. Married Ann Carter at Harrow of Hill, England on June 17, 1615. She was born in 1594 and died in 1634. [See Lyon Families Escape to America.]
Elizabeth, born about 1516 in Of Glamis, Angus, Scotland
George, born about 1520 Of Glamis, Angus, Scotland. Died 1/15/1542.
Alexander Lyon, born 1493 in Moray, Glamis, Angushire, Scotland.

Her parents: Andrew GRAY b: ABT. 1446 in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland and Janet KEITH b: ABT. 1456 in Dunoattar, Kincardine, Scotland.
Her parents: George Douglas Master of ANGUS and Elizabeth DRUMMOND b: 1465 in Cumberland, Lenarkshire, Scotland. They married: ABT. MAR 1487/88 in Drummond, Perthshire, Scotland. George’s parents: Archibald DOUGLAS b: ABT. 1445 in Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, Scotland and Elizabeth DRUMMOND b: 1465 in Cumberland, Lenarkshire, Scotland. They married 4 MAR 1467/68 in Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, Scotland.

1
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: John Lyon 3rd Lord Glamis b: ABT 1435 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Elizabeth Scrymgeour b: ABT 1427 in Dudhope Castle, Dundee, Angus, Scotland

Marriage 1 Elizabeth Gray Countess of Rothes b: ABT 1465 in Foulis, Perthshire, Scotland

Married: 1487

Children

George 5th Lord Glamis Lyon b: 1488 in Glamis, Angushire, Scotland.
John Lyon 6th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1491 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Alexander Lyon

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I51200
Name: John Lyon 6th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 6th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1491 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 8 Apr 1528 in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland
Burial: interred at Glamis, Forfar, Scotland
_UID: 7AB7B3A7D8C3164BA55AF05E03F0D20BA43D
Note:

JOHN, sixth Lord Glamis, was born c. 1491, and was retoured heir to his brother in the Aberdeenshire estates on 29 April 1505. He, between that date and 1528, had sasine of or made up titles to the lamily estates in Perth, Forfar, and Fife. In public life Lord Glamis supported the party of Queen Margaret against that of her former husband the Earl, of Angus. He was ‘ a werie bold, stoute and resolute man, and by the Commones called to ane byename Clange-Causey for his manie quarrells.’ Lord Glamis died at Leith 8 April 1528, and was buried at Glamis. He married Jonet Douglas, third daughter of George, Master ol Angus, who was slain at Flodden, and sister of Archibald, sixth Earl of Angus. After the death of Lord Glamis she married Alexander Campbell of Skipnish, second son of Archibald, second Earl of Argyll. In his blind anger against the house of Douglas, Lady Glamis as the sister of the banished Earl was marked down for destruction by James V., but the conduct of his intended victim was so irreproachable that years elapsed before the King was able to put his purpose into execution. Her name was included in the general Douglas proscription of 18 January 1528-29, for the counsel, assistance and help given by her to her brothers Archibald and George, but no immediate action followed, and on 20 September 1529 she with Patrick Charteris of Cuthilgurdy had a special licence ‘ now to depart and pas to the partis bezond sey in thaire pilgrimage and utheris liefull besynes there to be done, and to remaine in quhatsumevir realme or cuntre they pleas as thai sail think expedient except the realme of Ingland.’ On 1 July 1531 a certain Gawyne Hamilton received a gift of her escheat ‘ throw her being fugitive fra the law and at the horn or convicted of intercommonyng with our souerane lordis rebellis.’ On 1 January 1532 she was indicted on the ground of poisoning her late husband John, Lord Glamis, her uncle John Drummond of Innerpeffray becoming cautioner for her appearance. A month later she appeared to answer the accusation, but the jury summoned, mostly Angus gentry, refused to countenance so shameless a charge, and were fined for non-appearance;8 a second jury summoned from a wider circle three weeks later also refusing to appear were likewise fined.7 At length on 17 July 1537 she was accused as being ‘ art and part of the tressonabill conspiratioune and ymaginatioune of the slauchter and destructione of our souerane lordis maist nobill person be poysone, and for art and part in the tressonable assistance supple ressett intercommonyng and fortifying of Archibald, sumtymeBrll of Anguse and George Douglas hir brether, traytouris and rebellis.’ She was found guilty and condemned to be burned on the Castlehill of Edinburgh, and the horrid sentence was carried out the same day. She was burnt upon the Castle Hill with great commiseration of the people, in regard of her noble blood, of her husband, being in the prime of her years, of a singular beauty, and suffering all, though a woman, with a man-like courage; all men conceiving that it was not this fact [the charge of poisoning the King] but the hatred the King carried to her brothers. ‘The English ambassador wrote that Lady Glamis was put to death’ ‘as I can perceyue without any substanciall ground or proyf of mattir.’ On the day after her trial her husband Archibald Campbell of Skipnish, in trying to escape from Edinburgh Castle, fell Irom the rocks and was killed.
[The Scots Peerage]

1
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyon 4th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1457 in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Elizabeth Gray Countess of Rothes b: ABT 1465 in Foulis, Perthshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Jonet Douglas b: ABT 1495 in Tantallon Castle, North Berwick, East Lothian, Scotland

Married: BEF Dec 1527

Children

John Lyon 7th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1521 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Elizabeth Lyon
George Lyon
Margaret Lyon

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I51198
Name: John Lyon 7th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 7th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1521 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: BEF 18 Sep 1559 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
_UID: 2FB8AC27F908434D801F1D67CBEB6B861545
Note:

BARONY OF GLAMIS
VII. 7. JOHN (LYON), LORD GLAMIS [SCT], 1st son and heir. He was convicted of treason (the day after his mother’s death) 18 July 1537, and sentenced to death when he became of age, his dignities being forfeited, and his estates annexed to the Crown, 3 Dec. 1540, James V having set himself to accomplish the ruin of the family. The ratification of the forfeiture was scaled by the three estates at Edinburgh 10 December 1540. After that King’s death, however, the forfeiture was reduced, and he was restored to his title and estates by Parliament, 15 March 1542/3. P.C. [SCT], 18 February 1543/4; sat in the Convention 26 June 1545. He married, 6 February 1542/3, “with great triumph,” Janet, sister of William, 4th EARL MARISCHAL [SCT], and daughter of Robert KEITH, styled LORD KEITH, by Elizabeth, daughter of John (DOUGLAS), 2nd EARL OF MORTON [SCT]. He died 1558. His widow was living 24 November 1559.
[CP 5:429]
………………………………..

JOHN, seventh Lord Glamis, was born c. 1521.
On 9 November 1528 he was infeft in the barony of Longforgan. He was about sixteen years of age when, in 1537,
with his younger brother George, he was imprisoned in the Castle of Edinburgh. There he was compelled to witness
the agonies of his clansmen who were put to the torture of the rack in the vain attempt to extort from them words
which should implicate his mother. He was threatened with similar treatment, and under this dire compulsion signed a confession that he was ‘ art and part of the tressonable conceling and nocht reuiling of the tressonabill conspiratioune
and imaginatioun ol the distructioune of ouir souerane lordis nobill personne be poysonne, ymaginat and conspirat be vmquhile Jonet, Lady Glammys his moder.’ On the 18 of July 1537 he was brought before the Lords of Justiciary and his confession produced against him. He was forthwith condemned to death, and his estates and honours forfeited to the Grown. The execution was deferred, but as a condemned traitor he was remitted a close prisoner to the Castle of Edinburgh.
Having thus, in defiance of the obligations and injunctions of his ancestors, brought to pass, as he supposed, the ruin
of the House of Lyon, the King of Scotland took instant possession of the estates of the family, and from the date
of the sentence upon the young baron until within a few weeks of his own death, he was busily employed in distributing
the outlying portions of the estates among the hangers-on of the Court, and upwards of thirty Crown charters to as many different individuals attest the royal industry in that respect. He was not above intromitting with the family plate, and antiquaries may lament the disappearance of the great silver flagons of Glamis, twelve in number, each of seven pounds weight, which were melted down to supply the exigencies of the royal mint. The castle and barony of Glamis, however, with some other portions of the estates, he retained in his own possession. This Naboth’s vineyard indeed seems to have had a weird fascination for James V, A royal establishment was permanently maintained at Glamis Castle from 1538 onwards, and the Treasury accounts for the remainder of the reign teem with entries relating to its upkeep. The King was frequently in residence, and many royal charters and other writs are dated from Glamis Oastle. He was there in the Feast of St. Andrew 1538, in January and September 1539, in the autumn and winter of 1540,’ in the autumn of 1541, and in the spring of 1542. Then the Border troubles began and Glamis saw him no more. On the prison doors being opened on the death of James V., the young baron immediately set himself to recover his estates. On the first day of the flrst Parliament of Queen Mary, held at Edinburgh on 12 March 1543-44, he presented a summons of reduction against the Crown, concluding for reinstatement in his honours,dignities,offices, and estates. The summons had been duly served on the distinguished personages against whom it was directed, and the ceremonies attending its proclamation by the heralds at the Market Crosses of Edinburgh, Cupar, Perth, Dundee, Forfar, and Aberdeen, were made the occasion of popular demonstrations by the friends of the clan. A few days afterwards Parliament rescinded the forfeiture. On the same date the Crown in part amends of past injustice, in addition to restoring to Lord Glamis those portions of the estate still in its possession, granted him the non-entry duties of his whole lands. Those he had little difficulty in recovering. There remained but the barony of Kinghorne. That had been gifted to the Treasurer, James Kirkcaldy of Grange, who, after the death of James V., retained his post. He had extracted from Lord Glamis, as a preliminary to the restitution by the Grown, a promise that he should not be disturbed in its enjoyment, and had conveyed the barony to his son William. This compulsion Lord Glamis resented, and contemplated, indeed had actually taken steps to reduce the Crown gift to Grange, when further proceedings were rendered unnecessary by the forfeiture of the Treasurer’s son for his share in the slaughter of Cardinal Beaton. The Queen-Dowager, Mary of Lorraine, securing the gift of William Kirkcaldy’s forfeiture, made over her rights therein, so far as relating to the barony of Kinghorne, to Lord Glamis for the sum of 2000 merks. So eventually the family were reinstated in their former possessions.
In 1549 Lord Glamis was served heir to Elizabeth Gray, Countess of Huntly, his grandmother, and in her right claimed that part of the barony of Longforgan called Huntly. He purchased the teinds of Glamis from Cardinal Beaton, perpetual commendator of Arbroath. Lord Glamis sat as a member of the Privy Council 18 February 1544, and up to 3 May 1547 his name appears in the sederunts. In public life he flrst appears as a partisan of the Douglases on their return to Scotland after the death of James V., but discovering how completely that faction was in the hands of the English King, he soon after left them, and in June 1545 joined the Queen-Mother and Cardinal Beaton in their opposition to the overbearing tactics of Henry VIII. He was present in Parliament on 26 June 1545, when it was agreed to accept the offer of the King of France to send a force into Scotland to aid the country against ‘ the commoun inymy of Ingland,’ and he
served in the vanguard of the Scottish Army, which in three bodies invaded England in that year. There is a charter by him dated at Glamis 4 October 1548, about which time he disappears Irom public life in Scotland, and spent his latter years abroad, where, having contracted a sickness, he came home ‘ to get his native air.’ He died before 18 September 1559, on which date John, Earl ol Atholl, had a gift of the ward.
He married,’ with greit trivmphe ‘ on 6 February 1543-44, Jean Keith, daughter of Robert, Master ol Marischal, and sister of William, fourth Earl Marischal. She was infeft in Courtastoune and Drumgowan upon a precept under the Quarter Seal 6 February 1543-44. On 24 November 1559 she was kenned to her terce before the Sheriff of Forfar, in the baronies of Glamis, Baky, and Tannadyce, and cavels being cast for the sun and shadow, the lady fell to her cavel at the sun. Concerning her little is known, only the careers of her sons remain an enduring memorial to her lofty conceptions of duty.
[The Scots Peerage]

1 2
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: John Lyon 6th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1491 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Jonet Douglas b: ABT 1495 in Tantallon Castle, North Berwick, East Lothian, Scotland

Marriage 1 Jean Keith b: 1528 in Dunnottar Castle, Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, Scotland

Married: 6 Feb 1543/1544

Children

John Lyon 8th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1544 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Margaret Lyon
Thomas Lyon of Auldbar, Master of Glamis

Sources:

Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant
Author: Editor: G.E. Cokayne, with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden
Publication: St. Catherine Press, 29 Great Queen St, Kingsway, W.C. 1959
Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I51197
Name: John Lyon 8th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 8th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1544 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 17 Mar 1577/1578 in Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland
_UID: 96C1D634AE3006478736BCFB25140A72B551
Note:

JOHN, eighth Lord Glamis, was born c. 1544. He was infeft in the family estates 17 April 1550, reserving the liferent of his father and mother in the Aberdeenshire baronies and the right of his father in the remaining lands.
Subsequently he resigned the estates in Forfar, Perth, and Aberdeen, in favour of himself and the following substitutes
(1) Thomas Lyon of Auldbar his brother; (2) John Lyon of Haltoun of Eassie; (3) John Lyon of Easter Ogill; (4) John Lyon of Culmalegy; the instrument of resignation, the Crown charter, and the precept following thereon being all dated 28 April 1567.
He was present, being still a youth, as one of the Lords of Convention at a meeting ol the Privy Council held at Edinburgh on 22 December 1560, when the tenants of Kirklands were temporarily secured in the possession thereof. He chose curators 17 March 1561-62. He does not again appear until May 1565, on the eve of Mary’s marriage with Darnley. He held a command in the Queen’s forces assembled in October of that year to defeat the projects of Murray and his associates, when the royal army chased their opponents from pillar to post in such a fashion that the campaign came to be known as the ‘Run-about-Raid,’ After the death of Darnley, Lord Glamis still adhered to the cause of Queen Mary, and he was present at the marriage of the Queen with Bothwell, but he soon joined her opponents. He was appointed a member of the Privy Council by the Regent Murray, and from 22 December 1567 onwards his name occurs as a regular attender at the sederunts of Council until within a month of his death. On 23 February 1568 he entered into a bond with James Scrymgeour, Constable ol Dundee, Thomas Maule of Panmure and other Forfar barons, who obliged themselves to set forth and maintain the King’s authority to the uttermost of their power, and to protect and defend themselves mutually when attacked, and after the battle of Langside his influence was sufficiently powerful to protect his brother-in-law, the Earl of Cassillis, from forfeiture. He was one of the pall-bearers at the Regent Murray’s funeral in St. Giles’s Church, Edinburgh, 22 February 1569-70. He was nominated by the Regent Lennox an Extraordinary Lord of Session 30 September 1570, resigning that post on 8 October 1573, when he received a commission from James VI. with consent of the Earl of Morton as Regent, appointing him Chancellor of the Kingdom and Keeper of the Great Seal during his life. In 1571 he was one of a quartette of nobles entrusted with the custody of the King’s person, and in the same year one of the Commissioners appointed to meet those from England at Berwick to deliberate on the subjects in dispute between the realms, and to establish a peace. He corresponded with Beza the famous theologian on questions of church government, supporting the maintenance of Bishops. Lord Glamis was on terms of close intimacy with the Regent Morton, who had been one of his curators and was his first cousin once removed, the Regent’s father being that George Douglas for intercommuning with whom Lady Glamis had been indicted, and as an aefauld man he was selected to conduct the negotiations with Morton which led to the latter’s surrender of the Regency. He was not present at Stirling on 8 March 1577-78 when the King took upon him the government of the kingdom, and the statement that he sided against his old friend is disproved by his attendance up to the last at the meetings of Council over which Morton presided. While still engaged in the negotiations the Chancellor was killed at Stirling on 17 March 1577-78. Contemporary narratives with one exception agree as to the accidental nature of the catastrophe. While Lord Glamis was coming down from the Oastle of Stirling to his lodging in the town, the Earl of Crawford was going up, and the parties met in a narrow wynd. Bach noble bade his company give way, but in passing two retainers jostled, swords were drawn, and almost immediately Lord Glamis, conspicuous by his stature, was shot by a pistolet in the head. The event naturally aggravated the feud between the families. The panegyrics on the Chancellor recall the tribute paid by the old makkar to his ancestor the Chamberlain. ‘The death of the Chancellor,’ wrote Spottiswoode, ‘ was much lamented falling out in the time when the King and country stood in most need of his service. He had carried himself with much commendation in his place and acquired a great authority, most careful was he to have peace conserved both in the country and the church ‘ A learned, godly, and wise man,’ wrote Calderwood; ‘ a good justiciar,’ observed Scotstarvet; ‘ a guid learned nobleman,’ was James Melville’s observation. The English ambassador
described him at one time as ‘ of greatest revenue of any baron in Scotland,’ and at another ‘ very wise and discreet,
wealthy, but of no party or favour.’ The General Assembly which met at Edinburgh in April 1578 passed a resolution
of regret at the event, and ordered a general last ‘ to be zealouslie keepit throwout the land,’ and the Moderator, the famous Andrew Melville, who was one of the Chancellor’s greatest friends and admirers, found vent for his grief in the bitter epigram:?

‘ Tu, Leo magne, jacis inglorius; ergo manebunt
Qualia fata canes? Qualia fata sues’

Scotticised by his nephew?
Sen lawlie lyes thow, noble Lyon fyne,
What sail betyde behind, to dogges and swine ! ‘

He married, 11 April 1561, Elizabeth, daughter ol William, flfth Lord Abernethy of Saltoun, widow of William Meldrum
of Pyvie. By his testament, dated at Glamis 2 October 1571, his wife was appointed tutrix to his three daughters, with the Regent Morton as oversman.
[The Scots Peerage]

1
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyon 7th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1521 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Jean Keith b: 1528 in Dunnottar Castle, Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Elizabeth Abernethy b: 1548 in Saltoun, East Lothian, Scotland

Married: 11 Apr 1561 in or July 2, 1569

Children

Elizabeth Lyon
Jean Lyon b: 1565 in Glamis
Sibilla Lyon
Patrick Lyon 1st Earl of Kinghorne, 9th Lord Glamis b: 1575 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I51195
Name: Patrick Lyon 1st Earl of Kinghorne, 9th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: Patrick
Suffix: 1st Earl of Kinghorne, 9th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 1575 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 19 Dec 1615 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
_UID: AE6A7E8B836841449AE832BB9AD2705733A3
Note:

PATRICK, ninth Lord Glamis, was born in 1575. His first act on attaining majority was to settle accounts with his uncle and curator, Sir Thomas Lyon of Auldbar, On 13 November 1596, Patrick having attained majority, the parties entered into a contract ‘ for the establisching and continewing of pace and concord amangis thame.’ From this document, which is of portentous length, it appears that the Treasurer, from the time of his elder brother’s death, and throughout the pupillarity and minority of his ward, had strenuously set himself to secure every right in connection with the family possessions which could possibly be purchased. What object there was in view in these acquisitions may be conjectured, but in the end the young heir proved a match for his plotting uncle, and in consideration of being discharged of his tutorial and curatorial intromissions, and ol receiving a heritable title to the barony of Tannadyce, under burden of the wadsets on it, the Treasurer agreed to renounce the whole of his rights to his nephew, whose chamberlains were to draw the rents of the estates for crop and year 1595 onwards. The Treasurer rued his bargain and litigation ensued until, in 1605, and again in 1606, Lord Glamis obtained decreets compelling Sir Thomas to implement the contract. For some years unsuccesslul attempts were made to heal the feud between the Lyons and the Lindsays, and at last in 1602, when Sir John Murray became cautioner lor Lord Glamis in 10,000 merks that the latter would either (1) pursue the Earl ol Crawford for the slaughter of his father in the streets of Stirling; or (2) submit the feud to arbitration; or (3) go abroad, the stubborn young noble chose the latter alternative, and went. His stay abroad must have been short, however, as he was present in the Parliament held at Perth on 11 July 1604, when he was named one of the Commissioners to treat of the proposed union with England. This was a project the King had much at heart, and he addressed a letter on the subject to Lord Glamis. On 13 July 1606 he was again present at Perth, when the Treaty of Union was discussed. From this time forward he took an active part in the affairs of the State, and was present in all the Parliaments held in the reign of James VI., and attended assiduously to the business of the Privy Council, of which he was a member. He supported the King in his Church policy, and was one of the assessors at the trial and conviction of the ministers concerned in the Aberdeen Assembly, 2 July 1605. Two years afterwards he was one of three Commissioners appointed to represent the King in the Synod of Angus and Mearns. In 1610 he was admitted a member ol the remodelled Privy Council.

On 10 July 1606 he was created EARL OF KINGHORNE, LORD LYON AND GLAMIS. The patent is not on record, but it is referred to in the subsequent patent of 1672. He made several additions to the family estates. On 15 May 1604 he acquired from John Spalding, portioner of Kinnalty, in the barony of Reidie, one-fourth part of Kinnalty; on 26 August 1607, from George Lammie of Dunkenny, another fourth part; from Thomas Ogilvie of Wester Craigs, St. Margaret’s Inch, and the Garth, with the fishing in the Loch of Forfar, on 16 May 1605; from George Fullerton of Denoon and Matilda Nevy, his wife, Wester Denoon, in the barony of Dundee, with remainder to James, his second, and Frederick, his third, sons, 10 May 1608; from John and Thomas Lyon, the sons of the Treasurer, with consent of their mother and curators, he reacquired the barony of Tannadyce, the contract of sale being dated in July 1609, ratified by John Lyon on attaining majority, 12 June 1613, with consent of his interdictor George, Archbishop of St. Andrews, and by Thomas on his attaining majority, 9 September 1615; the twapart Mains ol Huntly, and the third part of Longforgan, with Littletoune and Lawriestoune, acquired by his father from Patrick, Lord Gray, in 1575, under reversion, he purchased outright for 40,000 merks on 30 June 1613.
The Earl died at Edinburgh 19 December 1615, and was buried at Glamis. His testament-dative is of interest as giving an idea of the establishment of a Scots nobleman at that period. The chief servants were a principal servitor and maister stabular, who was a foreigner named Nicola Vieane; two servitors, John Lyon and Mr. William Murray; a musicianer; a steward; John Murray, senior, master cook and browstar; John Murray, younger, foreman in the bakehouse and brewhouse; a foreman in the kitchen; a master porter and his servant; lackeys in the stable (unnumbered); a grieve; and an officer. Her Ladyship’s establishment included two gentlewomen; a browdinstar (embroiderer); a lotrix (bedmaker); and two other female servants, whose duties are unspecified. He married at Linlithgow, in June 1595, Anne Murray, daughter of John Earl of Tullibardine. She and her husband were infeft in the barony of Baky and in the third part of the barony of Forgandenny 27 July 1597. She was kenned to her terce of Longforgan, when the cavels being cast, the sunny third part fell to her, 27 February 1616. She died at Edinburgh 27 February 1618, her executors being her sons James and Frederick.
[The Scots Peerage]

1
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: John Lyon 8th Lord Glamis b: ABT 1544 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Elizabeth Abernethy b: 1548 in Saltoun, East Lothian, Scotland

Marriage 1 Anne Murray b: ABT 1578 in Tullibardine, Perthshire, Scotland

Married: Jun 1595 in Linlithgow, Scotland

Children

John Lyon 2nd Earl of Kinghorne, 10th Lord Glamis b: 13 Aug 1596 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Anne Lyon
James Lyon
Patrick Lyon
Frederick Lyon
Jean Lyon

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I51193
Name: John Lyon 2nd Earl of Kinghorne, 10th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 2nd Earl of Kinghorne, 10th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 13 Aug 1596 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 12 May 1646 in St Andrews, Fifeshire, Scotland
_UID: ECF7C62321A2DB45974A60CF259B39863EB7
Note:

JOHN, second Earl of Kinghorne, and tenth Lord Glamis, born 13 August 1596. He was served heir in the lordship of Glamis, under a special dispensation from the King, 31 March 1617. On 4 April 1617 he purchased from Patrick Kinnaird of Inchture the two parts of the lands of Mylnehill and the lands of Longforgan called the Byreflats for 22,000 merks. Brydestoun he purchased in 1619 from Patrick Langlands, portioner of Collace; the lands of Lenros and Aikers of Baky from John Lyon of Westhill of Glamis 27 February 1621; the lands of Tullos and Craichie from William, Earl of Morton and John Lyon of Auldbar in 1621. About the same time he acquired the patronage of Roscobie, Airlie, and Kinghorne. The lands of Drumgowan and Courtastoune in Aberdeenshire, which had been in the family from the Chamberlain’s time, he sold on 30 June 1619 to John Leith of Whitehaugh;’ Forgandenny he sold to Laurence Keir, Writer in Edinburgh, on 28 March 1628. The ‘Troubles’ then began in earnest, and there were no more acquisitions.
Earl Patrick (xi.) in lamenting his father’s devotion to the cause of the Covenant, which did indeed bring the family to the verge of ruin, hints that it was all owing to the influence of his brother James of Auldbar, Earl John being a man ‘easie to be intreated,’ but in justice to Auldbar and with deference to this filial explanation of what Earl Patrick regarded as a parent’s weakness, it must be pointed out that such a view is nowhere countenanced by record. There is not in all these centuries of Lyon family history any example of facility to be found, least of all is any such weakness apparent in the career of Earl John.
From 1621 he took an active part in the public business of the country, siding with the great majority of the nation against the King, and the records of Privy Council and of Parliament teem with testimonies to his energy. He served on all the important committees of State from 1627 onwards, and was the leading member of the commission to consider the proper sites for fortifications on the sea-coasts. On 22 September 1638 the Privy Council in a body subscribed the Confession of Faith, and having set the example, proceeded to enforce it upon their fellowsubjects. The Earl, with Auldbar his brother and Montrose, formed three out of a committee of six appointed to enforce its acceptance upon the shire of Forfar with results which Sheriff Napier delights to record, and in the same year he accompanied Montrose in his Aberdeen campaign, and the energy and ability he then displayed, as well as the material aid he brought from his own estates, contributed largely to its successful issue, and it was an Aberdonian Homer who sang 😕

‘ God bliss Montrois our General,
The stout Earl of Kinghorne,
That we may long live and rejoyce
That ever they were borne.’

The Earl’s principles were now to be put to the severest test. The great Marquess of Montrose, one of his oldest friends, with whom he had contended in youthful emulation for the silver arrow on the Links of Barry and St. Andrews, and who had been in happier days his guest at Glamis, was now about to embark on that career of victory which shed its radiance over the sinking cause of the King. Perfectly aware of the importance of securing the help of so experienced and powerful a man as the Earl of Kinghorne, Montrose spared no effort to induce his old friend to join him. At first the Earl wavered, and with Montrose as suitor who can wonder ? He joined in the Cumbernauld bond in August 1640. But the hesitation was temporary. He was present in the Assembly of 1641 when the bond was denounced as unlawlul, and members were required to sign a declaration to that effect. ‘ Kinghome, being present, subscribed,’ writes Baillie, fully aware of the significance of the act. On 18 November 1641 he was appointed a member ol the reconstituted Privy Council, and on 26 August 1643 colonel of one of the Foot regiments of Forfarshire. During Montrose’s career of victory, which lasted from September 1644 to September 1645, he took an active part in organising the armies raised to oppose his former friend and ally, pledging his credit for immense sums borrowed to advance the cause of the Covenant. The result ol his exertions was that, coming to his inheritance the wealthiest Peer in Scotland, he left it the poorest. He died at St, Andrews 12 May 1646 of the plague, communicated by the Earl of Erroll’s preceptor.
By his will, dated at Glamis 15 January 1644, he ‘ ordaines our bodie to be buried honorablie conforme to our rank in our awand buriell in the kirk of Glamis,’ and nominated his wife sole executrix and tutrix to his son.
He married, first (contract 19 June 1618), Margaret Erskine, third daughter of John, seventh Earl of Mar, marriage tocher £20,000, with issue a daughter Marie, who died young 7 November 1639; secondly, Elizabeth Maule, second daughter of Patrick, first Earl of Panmure. On 20 August 1641 he granted his future wife the barony of Bakie. She survived him, and married, secondly, on 30 July 1650, George, third Earl of Linlithgow. She died at Castle Lyon
in October 1659.
[The Scots Peerage]

1 2
Change Date: 25 Mar 2012 at 00:00:00

Father: Patrick Lyon 1st Earl of Kinghorne, 9th Lord Glamis b: 1575 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Anne Murray b: ABT 1578 in Tullibardine, Perthshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Margaret Erskine

Married: AFT 19 Jun 1618

Children

Marie Lyon

Marriage 2 Elizabeth Maule b: in Panmure, Angus, Scotland

Children

Elizabeth Lyon
Patrick Lyon 3rd Earl of Strathmore, 11th Lord Glamis b: 29 May 1643 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Joan Lyon

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914
Title: The Peerage of Scotland
Author: Edward Kimber, John Almon
Publication: London, 1767

ID: I41769
Name: Patrick Lyon 3rd Earl of Strathmore, 11th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: Patrick
Suffix: 3rd Earl of Strathmore, 11th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 29 May 1643 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 15 May 1695 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
_UID: F1D973122D219B409ABECA2D46E667F95300
Note:

Strathmore, earl of, a title in the peerage of Scotland, conferred on 1st July 1677, on Patrick, the third earl of Kinghorn, of the noble family of Lyon. (See vol. ii. pp. 607 and 705.) He ohtained the Strathmore title with the extension of the remainder to any person nominated by himself, or in default of this, to his heirs and assigns whatsoever. The title is taken from Strathmore, or the great valley, that is, the noble and far-stretching band of low country which skirts the frontier mountain-rampart of the Highlands, and the titles of the family are earl of Strathmore and Kinghorn, Viscount Lyon, Baron Glammis, Taunadice, Sidlaw, and Stradichtie. For an account of the Lords Glammis and the first three earls of Kinghorn, see Lyon, lord Glammis. Attached to the exiled Stuart dynasty, Patrick, first earl of Strathmore and third earl of Kinghorn, retired from puhlic life at the Revolution, and spent the remainder of his days in improving his estates, and under the direction of the celebrated architect Inigo Jones, in repairing and modernising his castle of Glammis in Forfarshire, as also in improving his seat of Castle- Huntly in Perthshire, the name of which he changed to Castle-Lyon. He was a great encourager of the arts, especially statuary, and in and about the castle of Glammis there used to be, for long after his death, a vast number of statues and sculptured ornaments, the greater part of which were done by his orders. He died 15th May 1695. He had married 23d August 1662, Lady Helen Middleton, second daughter of John, earl of Middleton, then King Charles the Second’s high commissioner for Scotland, the ceremony heing performed at Holyrood-house by Archbishop Sharp. They had, with two daughters, two sons,
1. John, second earl of Strathmore and fourth of Kinghorn, who was of Qneen Anne’s privy council, and opposed the treaty of union.
2. The Hon. Patrick Lyon of Auchterhouse, who engaged in the rebellion of 1715, and was killed at the battle of Sheriffmuir, 13th November that year.
[The Scottish Nation]
……………………………….

PATRICK, third Earl of Kinghorne, eleventh Lord Glamis, born 29 May 1643. Educated at the University of St. Andrews. On 12 April 1654 fined by the usurper Cromwell in £1000 sterling, which sum was alterwards reduced to £250.” Many details ol his useful and happy life are to be found in the Glamis Book of Record. On 30 May 1672 he obtained a new charter on his own resignation ol the title and dignity of Earl of Kinghorne, Lord Lyon and Glamis, and of the lands of the earldom, to himself and the heirs-male of his body, whom failing, to any other persons whom he should please to nominate during his life, ‘etiam in articulo mortis,’ as his heir.
This grant was ratified in Parliament. On 1 July 1677 he received an addition to his title, which in future was to be EARL OF STRATHMORE AND KINGHORNE, VISOOUNT LYON, LORD GLAMMIS, TANNADYCE, SIDLAW, AND STRADICHTIE, with the precedence of the former honour of Earl of Kinghorne. On this question of precedency he had a struggle with the Earl of Lothian, the progress of which is narrated in the Acts of Parliament. The rubric only of the final decreet in his favour appears on record, 8 May 1685, but the protest by the Earl of Lothian on 29 April 1686 is for precedency ‘ before the Earles ranked in the rolls after the Barle of Strathmore.’ To make headway against the enormous load of debt for which his father had become responsible, he was compelled to part with many of the family estates. Pothros and Schenwall, otherwise Tentsmuir, were sold by his tutors in 1649, and Inchsture and Holms were also sold during the minority. The barony of Belhelvies, in Aberdeenshire, he sold to his uncle George, Earl of Panmure, ‘ at a just and equal price,’ as he gratefully records. He also parted with Bakie, Byreflatt, Newton, and Nether Blackball. In 1684 he sold the island of Inchkeith to Sir George Mackenzie.
With the proceeds of these sales, added to strict economy and great business capacity, he was not only enabled to expend large sums on buildings and improvements at Glamis and Oastle Lyon, now Castle Huntly, and wipe out a large part of his father’s obligations, but to make substantial additions to the estates retained. The lands of Thornton he purchased from John Seton of Thornton 25 August 1662; the Vicar’s manse and Westhill of Glamis from Captain David Lyon 22 June 1664; the barony of Reidie from Sir David Nevay of Reidie 1 August 1664; Drymmie from Sir George Kynnaird of Rossie 26 November 1664; Fofarty from William Gray of Invereightie in January 1670 ; Haystoun from William Gray of Haystoun also in January 1670; the barony of Kynnaird, with the church patronage, the Seamills of Dundee and Ferryboats and Admiralty of the River Tay, from James, Earl of Newburgh, 23 June 1670; the Castle of Kinghorne from Sir Robert Kirkcaldy of Grange the same year; Halltoun of Eassie and Balgownie Bassie from Donald Thorntoun of Balgownie 15 June 1671; the Office ol the Constabulary of the Burgh of Forfar and the superiority of Nevay and Knap from William Gray of Carse 19 May 1672; the Preceptory of Balgownie Bassie and Chaplainry of Baikie from Mr. John Lyon, Writer in Edinburgh, in the same year. In 1662 he obtained an Act of Parliament for the holding of two yearly fairs in the town of Longforgan, ‘ a very populous place, far distant from any royall burgh,’ to be held on the last Tuesday of July and the first Tuesday of October; in 1669 an Act for a weekly market and a yearly fair at Glamis; and in 1686 an Act for holding four free fairs in the year on his lands and baronies, the dates and places being unspecified.
He took his share in public life, and was a regular attender at all the Parliaments held between the Restoration and the Revolution. In 1685 he was nominated one of the Lords of the Articles, and served on several important committees. In 1680 he was appointed a Commissioner of the Treasury. In 1681 he received a pension ol £500, ‘in consideration of his loyalty and great charge in public employments ‘ and in 1682 became a Privy Councillor.
On 27 March 1686 he was appointed an Extraordinary Lord ol Session, from which post he was removed at the Revolution.
On 29 September 1668 he was appointed captain of the second troop of Forfarshire Militia. This commission he held until 1682, when he voluntarily demitted it in favour of his eldest son. On 29 May 1676 he became colonel of the Forfarshire Regiment of Foot Militia, which he held until 1685, when the force ceased to be called out. In January 1678 he was nominated a member of the Western Committee appointed to superintend the operations of the ‘Highland Host,’ which marched into the south-western shires in the spring of that year, to compel the population to submit to the orders of the Privy Council in regard to the suppression of Conventicles and other irregularities within their bounds. As the Minutes of the Committee in question show, he was by far the most regular attender of its meetings, being absent on only two occasions between 24 January and 20 March, when the force was withdrawn.
The Host was mustered at Stirling 24 January 1678, and numbered 590 horse and 6124 foot, of which Angus contributed 104 horse and 1000 foot, the horse in two troops, the first being commanded by the Earl of Airlie. Lord Strathmore’s operations were chiefly in Ayrshire, where the memory of the Angus men is still green by reason of Wodrow’s incessant references to their exploits. The Earl also invaded Lanarkshire and drew upon himself a severe protest from the Duchess of Hamilton, duly served upon him by a notary; it is perhaps this incident which is referred to in the otherwise obscure reference to him by Cleland in his Expedition of the Highland Host.’ The greater part of the Host returned home early in March, and the only force hailing from beyond the Forth after that date were the Angus Horse and Foot. They remained until the Western Committee made its final report to the Privy Council, and returning by Linlithgow, Inverkeithing, Kirkcaldy, and Dysart, were disbanded at Dundee in the first week of April 1678. He took no part in the campaign which terminated at Bothwell Brig in 1679, but in the Argyll Rising of 1685 he was again out with his Regiment, which escorted to Edinburgh the spoils ol that campaign.
Large quantities of meal and other victual were at this time purchased by Government from the Earl, and stored at Stirling for the use of the troops. On 23 July 1672 he received the commission of lieutenant in the King’s Lite Guards, of which the Marquess of Atholl was captain; this employment he resigned 18 July 1680. His attitude towards the Revolution of 1688 was passively hostile, and he remained in Edinburgh up to January 1689, in the hope of preventing its success. But ultimately he accepted the new rule, and he is last noted as appearing in Parliament on 15 May 1693.
Earl Patrick died on 15 May 1695. The editor of the Glamis Book of Record justly sums up his character, ‘a man of strict integrity and uprightness, with a profound respect for the honour of his ancestors, and a deep sense of his responsibility to posterity,’ He married (contract dated at Holyrood 23 August 1662) Helen Middleton, second daughter of John, Earl of Middleton, then Lord High Commissioner.
The ceremony was performed on the same day by Archbishop Sharpe,7 the Earl being then nineteen years and four months of age. In that very human document, the Glamis Book of Record, no episodes make more delightful reading than those in which the Earl refers to his wife; these disclose a rare picture of domestic felicity, and they were sweethearts to the end. She died May 1708.

1 2 3 4
Change Date: 30 May 2010 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyon 2nd Earl of Kinghorne, 10th Lord Glamis b: 13 Aug 1596 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Elizabeth Maule b: in Panmure, Angus, Scotland

Marriage 1 Helen Middleton b: ABT 1645 in Middleton, Kincardineshire, Scotland

Married: 23 Aug 1662

Children

Grizel Lyon
John Lyon 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 12th Lord Glamis b: 8 May 1663 in Huntly Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Elizabeth Lyon
Patrick Lyon of Auchterhouse
Charles Lyon

Sources:

Title: The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland
Author: William Anderson
Publication: A. Fullarton & Co., 4 South Bridge, Edinburgh; And 115 Newgate Street, London
Title: A short view of the families of the Scottish nobility: their titles, marriages, issue, descents
Author: Nathaniel Salmon
Publication: printed for W. Owen, 1759
Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914
Page: V:210
Title: The Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland
Author: W. Owen Alvensleben
Publication: Printed for W. Owen, L. Davis and J. Debrett, 1790

ID: I41771
Name: John Lyon 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 12th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 12th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 8 May 1663 in Huntly Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Death: 10 May 1712 in Glamis Castle, Strathmore, Forfar, Scotland
_UID: 6D4875EADE4ADC48A4A66ADEA4E2D6004E64
Note:

John, second earl of Strathmore and fourth of Kinghorn, died 10th May 1712. By his countess, Lady Elizabeth Stanhope, daughter of the second earl of Chesterfield, he had, with two daughters, six sons, the two eldest of whom, Patrick and Philip, both Lords Glammis, died young, unmarried, and the other four were earls of Strathmore in succession. In the Dundee Magazine for January 1800, the following traditionary story is related: ” An old man heing in company with the earl, who had his four sons with him, his lordship, in conversation, said, ‘ Are not these four pretty boys?’ To which the old man replied, ‘ Yes, but they will be all earls, my lord, all earls.’ The earl said, he would he sorry if he were sure that such would be the case. The old man again affirmed that it would he so, and added, ‘ God help the poor when Thomas comes to be earl.’ This was literally accomplished in the year 1740, when scarcity and dearth threatened famine in the land.”
[The Scottish Nation]
……………………………….

JOHN, fourth Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and twelfth Lord Glamis, was born 8 May 1663.16 Educated at the University of St. Andrews, Travelled abroad in his youth. Captain of the second troop of Angus Militia 7 February 1682. Served heir to his father 29 October 1695. On 12 March 1696 appointed Sheriff of Forfar. He was a great encourager of horse breeding, and owned in his time several race-horses. Among his memoranda is one dated 17 February 1702: ‘ I went down this day to Barry Sands to see the race ‘twixt my Red Rose and Sir James Kinloch’s gelding, which I won.’ He was an uncompromising opponent of the Whig administrations of the period. He subscribed £500 to the Darien Scheme. On 14 January 1701 he voted for the Act asserting the right of the nation to Darien, a proposal the ministry succeeded in defeating.
He consistently opposed the Treaty of Union. In 1706 Lord Strathmore wrote the Earl of Mar, then Secretary of State for Scotland, asking for the protection of Episcopal ministers against Presbyterian zeal, to which Mar rejoined, ‘The ministers your lordship writes of, are not qualified conform to law by taking the oaths, so if people will persew them, there is no protecting them.’8 In 1708, when many people were put under arrest in prospect of a Jacobite invasion, it was accounted a ferlie that the Earl of Strathmore should be allowed to go about without guards.
Macky wrote of him,’ This gentleman is well bred and good natured, hath not yet endeavoured to get into the administration, being no friend to Presbytery. He hath two of the finest seats in Scotland, Glamis and Castle Lyon; is tall, fair, and towards fifty years old.’The Earl died on 10 May 1712. He married (contract 21 September 1691) Elizabeth Stanhope, daughter of Philip, second Earl of Chesterfield, by his second wife Lady Elizabeth Butler, daughter of James, Duke of Ormond. She was a careful wife and mother, ample evidence of both facts being found in her household book 1706-34, still preserved at Glamis. She died 24 April 1723.
[The Scots Peerage]

1 2 3 4
Change Date: 29 Mar 2012 at 01:00:00

Father: Patrick Lyon 3rd Earl of Strathmore, 11th Lord Glamis b: 29 May 1643 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Helen Middleton b: ABT 1645 in Middleton, Kincardineshire, Scotland

Marriage 1 Elizabeth Stanhope b: 1663 in Chesterfield, Derby, England

Married: AFT 21 Sep 1691 in Glamis Castle, Strathmore, Forfar, Scotland

Children

John Lyon 5th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 13th Lord Glamis b: BEF 27 Apr 1690 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Patrick Lyon b: 1692
Philip Lyon b: 1693
Helen Lyon
Mary Lyon
Charles Lyon 6th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 14th Lord Glamis b: BEF 12 Jul 1699 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Hendrie Lyon
James Lyon 7th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 15th Lord Glamis b: BEF 24 Dec 1702 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Thomas Lyon 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 16th Lord Glamis b: BEF 6 Jul 1704 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Catherine Lyon

Sources:

Title: The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland
Author: William Anderson
Publication: A. Fullarton & Co., 4 South Bridge, Edinburgh; And 115 Newgate Street, London
Title: The Peerage of England: Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom
Author: Arthur Collins
Publication: Elibron Classics, 2001
Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant
Author: Editor: G.E. Cokayne, with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden
Publication: St. Catherine Press, 29 Great Queen St, Kingsway, W.C. 1959
Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I41779
Name: Thomas Lyon 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 16th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: Thomas
Suffix: 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 16th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: BEF 6 Jul 1704 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 18 Jan 1753 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
_UID: DB5DFC0BB0FF704B890B7C962D64A7971EE2
Note:

The youngest of the brothers, Thomas, previous to succeeding to the family titles, was chosen M.P. for Forfarshire, at the general election of 1734. On the abolition of the heritable jurisdictions in 1747, he obtained for the constabulary of Forfar £600. He died 18th January 1753. By his countess, Jane, daughter and heiress of James Nicholson, Esq. of West Rainton, county Durham, he had, with four daughters, three sons.
1. John, seventh earl of Strathmore and tenth earl of Kinghorn.
2. Hon. James Philip Lyon, in the service of the East India Company, one of the unfortunate sufferers who fell victims to the rage of Cassim Ally Cawn in Bengal, in Febrnary 1763, in his 25th year.
3. Hon. Thomas Lyon of Helton, county of Durham, M.P. for the Aberdeen burghs from 1768 to 1780, died in 1796, aged 55.
[The Scottish Nation]
……………………………

THOMAS, eighth Earl ol Strathmore and Kinghorne, and sixteenth Lord Glamis. Baptized 6 July 1704, Served nearest heir-male of Earl James his brother on 26 October 1738. He was elected M.P. for Forfarshire 30 May 1734, and resigned on succeeding to the title. When the heritable jurisdictions in Scotland were abolished after the Civil War of 1745-46, he claimed compensation for the heritable constableship of the burghs of Forfar and Kinghorn, and for the coronership of the shires of Forfar and Kincardine. He was a great supporter of agriculture, and executed many improvements on the estates.
He died at Glamis Castle 18 January 1753. He married, 20 July 1736, Jean, born 22 September 1713, eldest daughter and one of the three coheiresses of James Nicholson of West Rainton, co. Durham, who died at Hetton 13 May 1778.
[The Scots Peerage]

1 2
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: John Lyon 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 12th Lord Glamis b: 8 May 1663 in Huntly Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Mother: Elizabeth Stanhope b: 1663 in Chesterfield, Derby, England

Marriage 1 Jane Nicholson Countess of Strathmore b: 22 Sep 1713 in Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England

Married: 20 Jul 1736 in Houghton Le Spring, Durham, England

Children

John Lyon 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 17th Lord Glamis b: 17 Jul 1737 in West Rainton, Durham, England
James Philip Lyon b: 2 Jul 1738 in Rainton, Yorkshire, England
Thomas Lyon b: ABT 1741
Susan Lyon b: 15 Mar 1742/1743 in Glamis Castle, Strathmore, Forfar, Scotland
Jane Lyon
Anne Lyon b: ABT 1747 in Rainton, Durham, England
Mary Lyon b: 1749

Sources:

Title: A list of the knights and burgesses who have represented the county and city of Durham in Parliament
Author: Cuthbert Sharp
Publication: Printed by Marwood, 1831
Title: The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland
Author: William Anderson
Publication: A. Fullarton & Co., 4 South Bridge, Edinburgh; And 115 Newgate Street, London

ID: I41780
Name: John Lyon 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 17th Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon
Given Name: John
Suffix: 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 17th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 17 Jul 1737 in West Rainton, Durham, England
Death: 7 Mar 1776 in at sea en-route to Lisbon
_UID: F48FA075546F1841BA6834CD7186406B7962
Note:

The eldest son, John, seventh earl of Strathmore, born in 1737, completed his education by foreign travel, in the course of which he visited Spain and Portugal. He married, Febrnary 25, 1766, Mary Eleanor, only child and heiress of George Bowes of Streatham Castle and Gibside, county of Durham, the then richest heiress in Europe, her fortune being £1,040,000, with vast additions on her mother’s death, and immense estates on the demise of her uncle. The same year, his lordship obtained an act of parliament to enable him and his countess to take and use the name of Bowes only. He was elected one of the sixteen Scots representative peers 1st October 1767, again in 1768 and in 1774, and died at sea, on his passage to Lisbon for the recovery of his health, 7th March 1776, in his 89th year. The countess, on 17th January 1777, took for her second husband Andrew Robinson Stoney of Coldpighill, county Durham, afterwards M.P. for Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Refusing to comply with his wishes in regard to her estates, she was forcibly carried off by him and other armed men, November 10th, 1786. She was brought up to the king’s bench by writ of habeas corpus and released, and her husband was committed to prison. The lady recovered her estates, which she had assigned to her husband under the influence of terror, in May 1788. She died 28th April 1800, in her 52d year, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, attired in a superb bridal dress. A monument, with a suitable inscription, is there erected to her memory. The earl had 4 sons and 2 daughters.
[The Scottish Nation]
………………………….

JOHN, ninth Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and seventeenth Lord Glamis. Born at Rainton 17 July 1737. Served heir-male and of line to his father in the earldom and estates on 4 May 1753. He was elected one of the Representative Peers of Scotland 1 October 1767, and re-elected at the General Elections of 1768 and 1774. He travelled much in Spain and Portugal, and died at sea on his passage to Lisbon 7 March 1776. He married, 24 February 1767, Mary Eleanor, born 24 February 1749, only child and heiress of George Bowes of Streatlam Castle and Gibside, co. Durham, by Mary, his second wife, the only daughter of Edward Gilbert of Paul’s Walden, Hertfordshire. She married, secondly, 17 January 1777, Andrew Robinson Stoney of King’s County, formerly Lieutenant in the 30th Foot, from whom she obtained a divorce 3 March 1789, She died 28 April 1800. The spouses obtained in 1767 an Act of Parliament to enable John Bowes, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and Mary Eleanor Bowes, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne, his wife, the daughter and only child of John Bowes, Esq., deceased, to take and use the surname of Bowes only, pursuant to his will and the settlement executed previous to the marriage of the said Earl and Countess.
[The Scots Peerage]

1 2 3
Change Date: 23 Aug 2010 at 01:00:00

Father: Thomas Lyon 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 16th Lord Glamis b: BEF 6 Jul 1704 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Jane Nicholson Countess of Strathmore b: 22 Sep 1713 in Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England

Marriage 1 Mary Eleanor Bowes b: 24 Feb 1749 in Gibside, Durham, England

Married: 24 Feb 1767

Children

Mary Bowes b: 22 Apr 1768
John Bowes 10th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 18th Lord Glamis b: 14 Apr 1769
George Bowes of Paul’s Walden b: 17 Nov 1771
Thomas Bowes 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 19th Lord Glamis b: 3 May 1773 in St Paul’s Walden, Hertfordshire, England
Anna Maria Bowes

Sources:

Title: The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland
Author: William Anderson
Publication: A. Fullarton & Co., 4 South Bridge, Edinburgh; And 115 Newgate Street, London
Title: Pedigree and Memoirs of the family of Loraigne of Kirkharle
Publication: Westminster, 1902
Title: Six North Country Diaries
Author: Surtees Society
Publication: Edinburgh, 1910

ID: I13386
Name: Thomas Bowes 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 19th Lord Glamis
Surname: Bowes
Given Name: Thomas
Suffix: 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 19th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 3 May 1773 in St Paul’s Walden, Hertfordshire, England
Death: 27 Aug 1846 in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Mid Lothian, Scotland
Burial: 1 Sep 1846
_UID: 3B3AF5E710DC0848A4B75E6FFB8AA8F9DB96
Note:

Thomas, 9th earl of Strathmore. Born May 3, 1773, he died Aug. 27, 1846.
[The Scottish Nation]
…………………………………

1st September, 1846. Right Hon. Thomas Lyon Bowes, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorn, died 22nd August, 1846, aged 71.
[Register of the Burials in the Chapel Royal or Abbey of Holyroodhouse]
…………………………………

THOMAS, eleventh Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and nineteenth Lord Glamis, brother of the preceding. Born 3 May 1773. In 1806 he succeeded to the estate of Paul’s Walden on the death of his immediate elder brother George. High Sheriff of the county of Leicester 1810. He died at the Palace of Holyrood on Thursday, 27 August 1846. He married, first, 1 January 1800, Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney, only daughter and heiress of George Carpenter of Redbourn, Herts, and by her, who died at Caldecote Hall 1 June 1811, he had issue.

The Earl married, secondly, in 1812, Eliza, daughter of Colonel Northcote, and by her he had issue:?

The Earl married, thirdly, on 8 December 1817, Marion, daughter of George Cheape of Sauchie, and widow of Sir Alexander Campbell, Bt. of Ardkinglas. She died at Holyrood 23 October 1849.
[The ScotsPeerage]

1 2
Change Date: 30 May 2010 at 01:00:00

Father: John Lyon 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 17th Lord Glamis b: 17 Jul 1737 in West Rainton, Durham, England
Mother: Mary Eleanor Bowes b: 24 Feb 1749 in Gibside, Durham, England

Marriage 1 Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter b: 1783 in Redbourne, Hertfordshire, England

Married: 1 Jan 1800

Children

Thomas George Lyon-Bowes Lord Glamis b: 6 May 1801 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mary Isabella Bowes b: 8 Aug 1802

Marriage 2 Eliza Northcote

Married: 1812

Children

Sarah Bowes b: 8 Aug 1813

Marriage 3 Marion Cheape

Sources:

Title: The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland
Author: William Anderson
Publication: A. Fullarton & Co., 4 South Bridge, Edinburgh; And 115 Newgate Street, London
Title: Register of the Burials in the Chapel Royal or Abbey of Holyroodhouse, 1706-1900
Publication: Edinburgh, 1900

ID: I13383
Name: Thomas George Lyon-Bowes Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon-Bowes
Given Name: Thomas George
Suffix: Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 6 May 1801 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Death: 27 Jan 1834 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
_UID: 1EC035B94F2DAE4BA84748E47A0FF8BD9A94
Note:

Thomas George, Lord Glamis, born 6 February 1801; married, 21 December 1820, Charlotte, daughter of Joseph Valentine Grimstead, who died 19 January 1881. Lord Glamis died 27 January 1834, leaving issue by his wife:?

[The Scots Peerage]

1 2
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: Thomas Bowes 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 19th Lord Glamis b: 3 May 1773 in St Paul’s Walden, Hertfordshire, England
Mother: Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter b: 1783 in Redbourne, Hertfordshire, England

Marriage 1 Charlotte Grimstead b: ABT 1797 in England

Married: 21 Dec 1820

Children

Has No Children Lyon-Bowes b: 21 Oct 1821
Has No Children Thomas George Lyon-Bowes 12th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 20th Lord Glamis b: 28 Sep 1822 in St Paul’s Walden, Hertfordshire, England
Has No Children Herbert Lyon-Bowes
Has Children Claude Lyon-Bowes 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and 21st Lord Glamis b: 21 Jul 1824 in Redbourne
Has No Children Arthur Lyon-Bowes
Has No Children Charlotte Lyon-Bowes b: 15 May 1826
Has No Children Frances Lyon-Bowes

Sources:

Title: The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland
Author: William Anderson
Publication: A. Fullarton & Co., 4 South Bridge, Edinburgh; And 115 Newgate Street, London
Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I5859
Name: Claude Lyon-Bowes 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and 21st Lord Glamis
Surname: Lyon-Bowes
Given Name: Claude
Suffix: 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and 21st Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 21 Jul 1824 in Redbourne
Death: 16 Feb 1904 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
_UID: 9539674E672D7E41809E005CF4349465714E
Note:

The earl’s brother, Hon. Claude Lyon Bowes, lieut. 2d life-guards, born in 1824, married in 1853, Frances Dora, daughter of Oswald Smith, Esq. of Blendon, with issue.
[The Scottish Nation]
………………………………

CLAUDE, thirteenth Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and twenty-first Lord Glamis. Born at Redbourne 21 July 1824. Educated at Winchester and at Christ Church, Oxford. Cornet and sub-lieutenant 2nd Life Guards 30 June 1848; lieutenant 6 July 1852; retired 15 December 1854. Received the precedence of an Earl’s son by royal warrant, dated 8 February 1847. An Honorary Freeman of Forfar 1868. In 1874 an Honorary Burgess of Dundee. A Representative Peer 1870-86. Created, 1 July 1887, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, BARON BOWES OF STREATLAM CASTLE, in the county of Durham, and of LUNEDALE, in the county of York. July 1874, Lord-Lieutenant of Forfarshire, He altered the family name from Lyon-Bowes to Bowes-Lyon. He rendered the most eminent services to agriculture, a fact recognised by the Highland and Agricultural Society, which elected him President in 1885 and again in 1890, He took a leading place among the breeders of polled cattle, the Glamis herd being famous the world over, and he was the first winner at Islington ol Queen Victoria’s Challenge Cup lor the best animal bred by the exhibitor. He was also an exceedingly successlul breeder of Clydesdale horses and Shropshire sheep. As a wise and generous landlord he was held in high respect by his tenantry and neighbours, and he was President of a large number of local societies having for their objects the promotion of the prosperity and happiness of his fellow subjects.
He was an ardent supporter of the Scottish Episcopal Church. He died 16 February 1904. He married, 28 September 1853, Frances Dora, daughter of Oswald Smith, Esq. of Blendon Hall, Kent, and had issue.
[The Scots Peerage]

1
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: Thomas George Lyon-Bowes Lord Glamis b: 6 May 1801 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
Mother: Charlotte Grimstead b: ABT 1797 in England

Marriage 1 Frances Dora Smith b: 29 Jul 1832 in Blendon Hall, Kent, England

Children

Claude George Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 22nd Lord Glamis b: 14 Mar 1855 in Lowndes Square, London, Middlesex, England
Francis Bowes-Lyon of Ridley Hall b: 23 Feb 1856
Ernest Bowes-Lyon b: 4 Aug 1858
Herbert Bowes-Lyon b: 15 Aug 1860
Patrick Bowes-Lyon of Skeynes, Edenbridge b: 5 Mar 1863
Constance Frances Bowes-Lyon b: 8 Oct 1865
Kenneth Bowes-Lyon b: 26 Apr 1867
Mildred Marion Bowes-Lyon b: 6 Oct 1868
Maud Agnes Bowes-Lyon b: 12 Jun 1870
Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon b: 16 Jul 1872
Malcolm Bowes-Lyon b: 23 Apr 1874

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I5860
Name: Claude George Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 22nd Lord Glamis
Surname: Bowes-Lyon
Given Name: Claude George
Suffix: 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 22nd Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 14 Mar 1855 in Lowndes Square, London, Middlesex, England
Death: 7 Nov 1944 in Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
_UID: E74519E70B34CC4DB9AB90510E171F38455E 1
Change Date: 16 Dec 2009 at 00:00:00

Father: Claude Lyon-Bowes 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and 21st Lord Glamis b: 21 Jul 1824 in Redbourne
Mother: Frances Dora Smith b: 29 Jul 1832 in Blendon Hall, Kent, England

Marriage 1 Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck b: 11 Sep 1862 in London, Middlesex, England

Married: 16 Jul 1881

Children

Violet Hyacinth Bowes-Lyon b: 17 Apr 1882
Mary Frances Bowes-Lyon b: 30 Aug 1883
Patrick Bowes-Lyon 15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 23th Lord Glamis b: 22 Sep 1884
John Herbert Bowes-Lyon b: 1 Apr 1886
Alexander Francis Bowes-Lyon b: 14 Apr 1887
Fergus Bowes-Lyon b: 18 Apr 1889
Rose Constance Bowes-Lyon b: 6 May 1890
Michael Claude Hamilton Bowes-Lyon b: 1 Oct 1893
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon Queen Mother b: 4 Aug 1900 in London, Middlesex, England
David Bowes-Lyon b: 2 May 1902

Sources:

Repository:
Title: The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s Peerage of Scotland
Author: Sir James Balfour Paul Lord Lyon King Of Arms
Publication: Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1914

ID: I26451
Name: Patrick Bowes-Lyon 15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 23th Lord Glamis
Surname: Bowes-Lyon
Given Name: Patrick
Suffix: 15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 23th Lord Glamis
Sex: M
Birth: 22 Sep 1884
Death: 25 May 1949
_UID: 21FCAD5B577AF14EA8134B38C581635E7ABD
Note:

1 _FA1
2 PLAC 15th Earl. Acceded: 1944.
2 SOUR S004200

Change Date: 26 Jul 2009 at 01:00:00

Father: Claude George Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 22nd Lord Glamis b: 14 Mar 1855 in Lowndes Square, London, Middlesex, England
Mother: Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck b: 11 Sep 1862 in London, Middlesex, England

Marriage 1 Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin-Osborne b: 3 Dec 1888

Children

Timothy Bowes-Lyon b: 18 Mar 1918

ID: I8449
Name: Timothy Bowes-Lyon
Surname: Bowes-Lyon
Given Name: Timothy
Sex: M
Birth: 18 Mar 1918
_UID: 1366305BEF431740BFFF90904159CD7143DF
Note: 16th Earl.
Change Date: 25 Jul 2009 at 01:00:00

Father: Patrick Bowes-Lyon 15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 23th Lord Glamis b: 22 Sep 1884
Mother: Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin-Osborne b: 3 Dec 1888

Marriage 1 Mary Bridget Brennan

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