House of Reginar

 

The House of Reginar (later known as the House of Brabant) was a kin-group in Lotharingia during the Carolingian and Ottonian centuries and were the first dynasty ruling over an area which would become the County of Hainault.

The house supplied a Lay Abbott, a Bishop, an Archbishop, two Dukes of Lorraine, the Landgraves of Brabant and Brussels and later the Dukes of Brabant, Dukes of Lothier and Dukes of Limburg.

The main branch of the family was extinguished in 1355, leaving its duchies to the House of Luxembourg which in turn left them to the House of Valois-Burgundy in 1383.

Another side branch is the House of Hesse which ruled Hesse from 1264 until 1918 and is still existing today.


Armorial Bearingsr
Following the death of Charles the Fat, the Reginarids began a long fight with the Conradines for supremacy in Lotharingia. They triumphed in 910 with the election of Charles the Simple as king. It was the combined forces of Bruno I of Lorraine and the Carolingians of West Francia that finally broke the Reginarids’ hold on power. In 958, Reginar III had his lands confiscated and redistributed. The Reginarids supported Lothair of France against Otto II, but then made a deal with the latter in 978 and regained Mons in 998. Nonetheless, the Reginarids were no longer the force they once were. However, their descendants in Mons and Louvain continued the family spirit of opposition to the king.

Gilbert (Giselbert)
Count of Maasgau on the lower Meuse.
Little is actually known of Gilbert’s background. A Viking connection has been suggested in addition to the possibility that he is descended from Reginar son of Meginhere, a nobleman from the court of Charlemagne. Originally served Lothair but then defected to Charles the Bald (the King’s half-brother) during the civil war of 840-843 resulting in his rights as Count being revoked and his Estates confiscated. In 846 Gilbert abducted the Lothair’s daughter by his wife Ermengarde of Tours, and took her to Aquitaine where he married her in an attempt to force Lothair to reinstate his Titles and Estates.

Gilbert’s children probably include: Reginar Duke of Lorraine (850-916); and Albert.

Reginar (850- 915)
aka: Reginar I, Reginar Longneck
Son of Gilbert Count of the Maasgau
Count of Mons in 870
Lay abbot of Echternach between 897 and 915
Duke of Lorraine from 910 until his death in 915
Succeeded his father in the Maasgau
resided Maastricht before May 898
resided Stablo and Malmedy between 900 and 902.
In 870 with Franco Bishop of Liège successfully led an army against the Vikings in Walacria.
As Duke/Count of Hesbaye Hainault, and Radbold unsuccessfully led a Frisian army against the forces of Rollo.
In an 877 capitulary from Quierzy, he appears alongside his father as one of the regents of the kingdom during Charles the Bald’s absence on campaign in Italy.
Reginar was originally a supporter of Zwentibold in 895, but he broke with the king in 898. He and some other magnates who had been key to Zwentibold’s election three years earlier then took the opportunity provided by the death of Odo of West Francia to invite Charles the Simple to become king in Lotharingia. His lands were confiscated, but he refused to give them up and entrenched himself at Durfost, downstream from Maastricht. Representatives of Charles, Zwentibold, and the Emperor Arnulf met at Sankt Goar and determined that the succession should go to Louis the Child. Zwentibold was killed by the rebels in battle in August 900.
At first, Louis appeared to be opposed to Reginar when he appointed Gebhard as his deputy in Lotharingia, but the two were never at war. In 908, Reginar recuperated the Hainault after the death of Sigard. Then, after the death of Gebhard in 910, in battle with the Magyars, Reginar appears as his successor. He led the magnates in opposing Conrad I of Germany and electing Charles the Simple their king. He was given the title marchio by Charles in 915. He never appears as the Duke of Lorraine, but he was definitely the military commander of the region under Charles. He himself was succeeded by his son Gilbert; however, the Reginarids did not succeed in establishing their supremacy in Lotharingia like the Liudolfings or Liutpoldings did in the duchies of Saxony and Bavaria.
By his wife Hersinda (or Alberada), who predeceased him, Reginar left the following children:
• Gilbert Duke of Lorraine
• Reginar Count of Hainaut
• Balderic Bishop of Utrecht
• Frederick Archbishop of Mainz
• a daughter who married Berengar, Count of Namur

Gilbert
Eldest son of Reginar I Duke of Lorraine and Hersent of France
(mother possibly a daughter of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude)

Duke of Lorraine until 939.

The beginning of the Gilbert’s reign is not clear. A dux Lotharingiae is mentioned in 910 and this may have been Gilbert. Lotharingia sided with Charles III in 911, who was deposed in West Francia in 922 by Robert but remained king in Lotharingia, from where he tried to reconquer West Francia until being imprisoned in 923.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry’s daughter Gerberga of Saxony by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to Louis IV of France. Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was taken prisoner, succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria

Reginar (890–932)
aka: Reginar II
Second son of Reginar I Duke of Lorraine and Hersent of France
(mother possibly a daughter of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude)
Count of Hainaut (915-932)
married Adelaide of Burgundy, daughter of Richard Duke of Burgundy and Adelaide of Auxerre
Children:
• Reginar Count of Hainaut
• Rodolphe

Reginar (920-973)
aka: Reginar III
Born in Brabant in 920
Son of Reginar II and Adelaide of Burgundy
Count of Hainaut 940- 958
Together with his brother Rodolphe, took part in the rebellion of his uncle Gilbert Duke of Lorraine.
When Gilbert was killed in 939 Regnier had to pledge fealty to King Otto the Great.
In 944 Reginar III allied himself with King Louis IV of France resulting in King Otto sending Hermann Duke of Swabia to quell the rebels. Otto also appointed Conrad the Red as Duke of Lotharingia, who unsuccessfully tried to diminish the influence of Reginar.
Although Reginar supported King Otto when Conrad rose against the King, Reginar appropriated Otto’s sister’s dowry along with some church property. Bruno Archbishop of Cologne, who had also been appointed duke of Lotharingia, restored final order and defeated Reginar in 953. As Reginar refused to submit, he was exiled to Bohemia where he died in 973.
Reginar III fathered two sons:
• Reginar Count of Mons
• Lambert Count of Leuven (see House of Leuven)

Sources:

Wikipedia: County of Hainaut


Wikipedia: Counts of Hainaut


Wikipedia: Gilbert Count of the Maasgau


Wikipedia: Reginar I Duke of Lorraine


Wikipedia: Gilbert Duke of Lorraine


Wikipedia: Reginar II Count of Hainaut


Wikipedia: Reginar III Count of Hainaut

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s