Lambert I Count of Louvain (950-1015)

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Lambert I of Louvain nicknamed “The Bearded” made 1st Count of Louvain in 1003.

born in Louvain, Flanders c. 950

son of Regnier/Reginar III, Count of Hainaut and Adela/Adele (Alice) von Dachsburg Countess of Equisheim

married Gerberga daughter of Charles Duke of Lower Lorraine (son of Louis IV of France and Gerberga of Saxony)

killed  at the battle of Florennes 12 September 1015 by Godfrey II Duke of Lower Lorraine

children of Lambert and Gerberga:

  1. Henry I, Count of Louvain (1015-1038) succeeded by his son Otto Count of Louvain (1038-1040)
  2. Lambert II, Count of Louvain (1040-1054), married Oda of Verdun.
  3. Reinier
  4. Matilda of Louvain (Maud)
  5. Robert de Bruges Castellan of Bruges 1046, emigrated to Normandy 1051, m Emma of Brittany daughter of Allan, Earl of Brittany
  6. Eustace de Fiennes a 1066 m Adela de Furnes daughter of Erard de Furnes or Selness

[25]. Annales Hanoniæ name “Lambertus…comes Lovaniensis” as son of “Rignerii comitis Montensis”

[26]. The Gesta Episcorum Cameracensium records that “Rainerus atque Lantbertus, filii…Raineri”, who had been banished by “archiepiscopus Bruno”, returned to their father’s lands after the death of Emperor Otto I and besieged “super Hagnam fluvium castrum Bussud”, but that Emperor Otto II ordered their exile again

[27]. The Annales Leodienses, Floressienses et Marchianenses record that “Raginerus et Lantbertus” (sons of Reginar [III] Comte de Hainaut) returned from exile in 973 and killed “Guarnero et Rainaldo”, who occupied their father’s county, “apud Perronam” and besieged “super Hagnam fluvium castello Buxude”

[28]. Thietmar records that “Lantbertus, Reinherii filius…cum fratre…Reingerio” killed “Wirinharium et eius germanum Reinzonem”

[29]. Sigebert’s Chronica records that in 977 “filii Ragineri” were “in terra partum suorum relocati”

[30], which presumably marked the beginning of their rehabilitation. He established himself as LAMBERT [I] “le Barbu” Comte de Louvain. He is named “comite Lovaniæ Lantberto” in a charter dated 1003

[31]. The Annales Colonienses specify that “Lambertus comes” returned to favour with Heinrich II King of Germany in 1007

[32]. The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records the death in battle of “Lantbertus comes” at Florennes

[33]. “Lantbertum comitem, filium Ragineri Longicolli” is named in the Gesta of Gembloux Abbey when recording his death in battle at Florennes against “Godefridum ducem”

[34], although the reference to “Ragineri Longicolli” is anachronistic.

m (991 or after) GERBERGA, daughter of CHARLES Duke of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian] & his wife Adelais de Troyes ([975]-27 Jan after 1018, bur Nivelles). The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that “Karolus dux” was father of “Ermengardem et Gerbergam”, and that “Gerberga soror Ermengardis” was mother of “Henricum seniorem de Bursella”

[35]. The Gesta Abbatem Trudonensium names “Gerbergam, filiam Karoli ducis Lotharingie” as wife of “Lambertus filius Reyneri comitis Montensis”, specifying that Brabant (including Louvain and Brussels) was her dowry

[36]. The Annales Hanoniæ name “Gebergam filiam Karoli ducis Lotharingie” as wife of “Lambertus…comes Lovaniensis”

[37]. “Gerberga” is named as wife of “Lantbertum comitem, filium Ragineri Longicolli” in the Gesta of Gembloux Abbey when recording her husband’s death, but her origin is not stated

[38]. Sigebert’s Chronica records in 977 that “Lantbertus” married “Gerbergam filiam Karoli ducis”

[39], but this date must be incorrect. Richer records that “Karolum…cum uxore Adelaide et filio Ludovico, et filiabus duabus, quarum altera Gerberga, altera Adelaidis dicebatur, necnon et Arnulfo nepote” were imprisoned[40]. This suggests that Gerberga was not yet married at that date. The birth date of Gerberga is estimated on the basis of the likely birth date ranges of two of her presumed children by Comte Lambert.

Comte Lambert [I] & his wife had three children:

1. HENRI de Louvain ([992/1000]-Brussels murdered 1038 after 5 Aug, bur Nivelles). The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium names “Heinricus Lantberti filius”

[41]. The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that “Gerberga soror Ermengardis” was mother of “Henricum seniorem de Bursella”

[42]. The Gesta of Gembloux Abbey records that “filio suo comite Heinrico” supported his mother’s donation to Gembloux after the death in battle in 1015 of his father “Lantbertum comitem, filium Ragineri Longicolli”

[43]. He succeeded his father in 1015 as HENRI [I] Comte de Louvain. The Chronicon Sigeberti records the death in 1038 of “Henricus Lovaniensis Comes” and the succession of “filius eius Otho” who was deprived by “patruus eius Baldricus qui et Lambertus”[44]. m —. The name of Henri’s wife is not known. Henri & his wife had four children:

a) OTHON (-after 1038). The Chronicon Sigeberti records the death in 1038 of “Henricus Lovaniensis Comes” and the succession of “filius eius Otho” who was deprived by “patruus eius Baldricus qui et Lambertus”[45]. No other information relating to Othon has been found after this date.

b) ADELAIDE . The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names “Adeleidam, Chunegundem et Adelam” as daughters of “Henricus filius Gerberge”[46].

c) CUNEGONDE . The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names “Adeleidam, Chunegundem et Adelam” as daughters of “Henricus filius Gerberge”[47].

d) ADELA . The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names “Adeleidam, Chunegundem et Adelam” as daughters of “Henricus filius Gerberge”[48].

2. LAMBERT [Baldric] de Louvain (-after 21 Sep 1062, bur Nivelles). The Vita Sanctæ Gudilæ records that “Lambertus…comes” succeeded his brother Henri[49]. He succeeded his brother in 1038 as LAMBERT [II] Comte de Louvain, after depriving his nephew of his rights.

– see below.

3. MATHILDE de Louvain ([992/1000]-). The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that “Henricum seniorem de Bursella [=filius Ermengardis]” was father of “Lambertum comitem et Henricum fratrem eius et Mathildem sororem eorum”, specifying that Mathilde married “comes Eustachius de Bolonia”[50], but this appears to be a confused representation of the situation. The primary source which confirms that Mathilde was the daughter of Comte Lambert [I] has not yet been identified but this is compatible with the chronology. Her birth date range estimated from the estimated date of her parents’ marriage and the likely birth date of her eldest son in [1015/20]. This shows that it is chronologically impossible for Mathilde’s father to have been the son of Ermengardis of Lower Lotharingia. m EUSTACHE Comte [de Boulogne], son of BAUDOUIN Comte [de Boulogne] & his wife Adelais of Holland (-[1049]). He succeeded in 1042 as Comte de Boulogne.

[26] Iacobi de Guisia Annales Hanoniæ XIV.XL, MGH SS XXX Part 1, p. 184.

[27] Gesta Episcorum Cameracensium I.95, MGH SS VII, p. 439.

[28] Annales Leodienses, Floressienses et Marchianenses 973, quoted in MGH SS VII, p. 439 footnote 47.

[29] Thietmari Chronicon VII, 32, MGH SS III, p. 851.

[30] Sigeberti Chronica 973, MGH SS VI, p. 352.

[31] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 113, and Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 22.

[32] Annales Colonienses 1007, MGH SS I, p. 99.

[33] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium III.12, MGH SS 7, p. 469.

[34] Gesta Abbatum Gemblacensium 32, MGH SS VIII, p. 537. The date “15 Sep 1015” is added in the margin by the editor.

[35] Genealogica comitum Buloniensium MGH SS IX, pp. 300-1.

[36] Gestorum Abbatem Trudonensium Continuatio Tertia 1015, MGH SS X, p. 382.

[37] Iacobi de Guisia Annales Hanoniæ XIV.XL, MGH SS XXX Part 1, p. 184.

[38] Gesta Abbatum Gemblacensium 32, MGH SS VIII, p. 537.

[39] Sigeberti Chronica 973, MGH SS VI, p. 352.

[40] Richeri Historiæ IV 49, MGH SS III, p. 642.

[41] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium III.9, MGH SS 7, p. 469. Although the passage is undated, “1015” is placed in the margin by the editor.

[42] Genealogica comitum Buloniensium MGH SS IX, p. 301.

[43] Gesta Abbatum Gemblacensium 32, MGH SS VIII, p. 537.

[44] Chronicon Sigeberti, quoted in RHGF XI, p. 422.

[45] Chronicon Sigeberti, quoted in RHGF XI, p. 422.

[46] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383.

[47] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383.

[48] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383.

[49] Huberto, Vita Sanctæ Gudilæ, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1203.

[50] Genealogica comitum Buloniensium MGH SS IX, p. 301.

http://flemishamerican.blogspot.ca/2010/09/robert-bruce-and-his-flemish.html

http://www.baronage.co.uk/bphtm-03/bruce-01.html

http://www.baronage.co.uk/bphtm-03/bruce-02.html

http://www.baronage.co.uk/bphtm-03/bruce-03.html

http://www.baronage.co.uk/bphtm-03/bruce-04.html

http://www.baronage.co.uk/bphtm-03/bruce-05.html

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