Be wary of the LYON pedigree hosted on the Rockaway Publishing Website; it is full of errors
The family of LYON is of great antiquity in Scotland. The ancestors of the family, John de LYON, came over with William I. [William invaded England in 1066; John Lyon of Forteviot was born about 1290] He or one of his immediate ancestors settled in Perthshire, in the district still called Glenlyon. [According to the Glen Lyon Historical Society no one with the surname LYON has ever been born. Lived in nor owned any land in Glen Lyon] Sir John LYON, son of John de LYON, "a young man of very good parts and qualities, and a very graceful and comely person, and a great favorite of the king (Robert II) was Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland. The Princess Jean, the king’s daughter, being in love with the fair-favored young man, he received her hand in marriage, and with it the lands of Glamis, 1372." [John Lyon was appointed Thane of Glamis in 1372 his marriage to Jean happen in 1376. Her dower contained the Thannage of Tannadyce/ In 1376 the King raised the Thannage of Glamis to a Barony] Until that time Glamis was a royal residence [Glamis was a Royal Hunting Lodge not a residence] of a line that dates back to Kenneth I, 850 A. D. This castle was the scene of Macbeth’s crime. The murder of Malcolm II, at Glamis is narrated as an authentic event by the old chroniclers. [it was Glamis Tower Kinghorn that was the scene of MacBeth and not Glamis Castle Forfar]
Colonial records place William, of Roxbury, (landed 1635, aged 14, ship Hopewell) as the earliest of the "old comers." The American Antiquity, show, thus William LYON as descended from Sir Adam LYON, knight, first son of John de LYON, the Feudal Baron, the French family of LEONNE, originated from LEONES, a patrician family of Rome. [This is disputed]
The latter’s third son, Sir John LYON, Baron of Fortevoit, was the ancestor of the Earls of Strathmore. Gen. Nathaniel LYON (Civil War) claimed direct descent Sir Thomas LYON, of Auldbar, Forfarshire, designated master of Glamis, brother of John, the Eighth Lord Glamis, one of the principals in the seizure of James VI, at the raid of Ruthern, 1582, and after his return, he with the Earls of Angus and Mar, seized Sterling Castle. Again he fled, but in 1585 was restored to royal favor.
It is further stated that Sir John LYON had two sons, the first, Earl of Strathmore, the second, Earl of Kingham. Another John LYON was colonel of the Scottish Guards in the services of Henry IV of France. William LYON, son of the above John LYON, having been denounced as a heretic at the time of the massacre of St. Bartholemew, Aug. 24, 1572, escaped to Holland where he received protection and ultimately came with his three children to New England. This would indicate that William of Roxbury was not the first of the LYON family of Glenlyon, [See Glen Lyon Note above] to seek a home in America.
William, of Roxbury, was a member of the Artillery, 1645, free man 1666, died 1692. John LYON, of Salem, 1638, lived there until 1648. John LYNE (LYON?), of New Haven, signed covenant 1639. Thomas LYON settled on Byram river 1640. Henry LYON was at Milford 1646, John LYON was at Marblehead 1648. Richard LYON was at Dorcester 1649.
These men were doubtless clansmen if not near relatives, and were among those who fled from the mother country for religious, political or civil reasons, traitors in their old home, but patriots in their wilderness refuge, and doubtless they were the founders of the LYON family in the United States, a vast aggregate of people widely separated by time and circumstances, but many of them holding in common the tradition of Glenlyon origin and ancestry. , [See Glen Lyon Note above]
Although descendants of Robert the Bruce, [most of the Colonial LYONs are not descended from this branch] founder of the House of Stuart, the colonial LYONs were king-haters, especially Stuart-haters. Like the master of Glamis, Sir Thomas LYON, a number of the LYONs were naturally partakers of treason through fierce and fanatical convictions that demanded personal liberty and condemned kingcraft. [They condemned certain kings not all kings] These "Puritan" [most LYONs were not Puritans; William was sent to New England because he was an orphan] under the persecution, were in sympathy with the Roundhead movement and active adherents of CROMWELL.
Tradition says that Richard LYON, who appeared at Fairfield 1649 after the decapitation of Charles I, was on guard with his two brothers at the scaffold the day of the execution and witnessed the regicide. Daunted by the enormity of this political crime the three secretly took ship for America and landed at Boston, Mass. Here they separated: Richard journeying to Connecticut to settle there. [This is a totally bogus tradition; see DGMWEB for details]